Research on the Motivation and Attitude of College Students' Physical Education in Taiwan

By Huang, Wei-Yang; Hsu, Chih-Chao | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, January 2019 | Go to article overview

Research on the Motivation and Attitude of College Students' Physical Education in Taiwan


Huang, Wei-Yang, Hsu, Chih-Chao, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

Research Background and Motivation

Physical education is a continuous course,Develop appropriate educational programs based on each stage of growth, Purpose to provide students with a healthy lifestyle of knowledge, skills, physical fitness and attitudes?College physical education still plays an important role in physical activity, And lay the foundation for a lifelong movement after graduation from college,It is important for students to regularly arrange physical activity every week.,Because exercise has a close relationship with brain function, Research confirms that regular exercise can improve memory and increase attention? Roig et al, 2013?.College students have perfect cognitive ability,University physical education courses lead students to at least two hours of physical activity per week,In addition to being able to exercise physical ability, Also developing opportunities for students to manage their own health,The concept of independent health management after graduating from university,Value life towards lifelong sports.

The benefits of physical education classes can affect the healthy lifestyle of students. And the physical fitness of students,Now teachers and students can recognize the importance of sports.,But how to let students take the initiative to participate and happy learning school physical education class, This is a question that should be considered as a physical education teacher..Most universities in Taiwan list physical education as compulsory for at least one year.,There are also some colleges and universities that classify physical education as a threshold for graduation., under this restriction,Some students hold interest, leisure, fitness, learning sports skills and social motivation, There are even many students who drive for "credit" or "compulsory" ,Therefore, there are different ideas for the motivation of physical education.? Huang, 2013; Chen, 2014; Bryan & Solmon, 2012 ?.Students participate in physical education classes and present a variety of attitude representations such as active participation and negative rejection., However, these attitudes are one of the important factors behind the motivation for the physical education class.? Mustafa et al, 2016 ?.

In 1895 Deci and Ryan proposed the self-determination theory.? self-determination theory, SDT ?,Differentiate the motivation of the degree of student autonomy, which classified as amotivation?extrinsic motivation and intrinsic motivation. Amotivation indicates lack of motivation, The concept is similar to learning helplessness,It means that the individual cannot perceive the link between his actions and the results.,and can't find any good reason to continue this activity.?Intrinsic motivation refers to an individual who takes the initiative and comes from interest to engage in the activity.,And can be fun fro m the physical body,be part of high degree of autonomy.Extrinsic motivation can be divided from low to high ; 4 types according to the degree of self-determination which are external regulation? introjected regulation?identified regulation? integrated regulation, in " extrinsic motivation " means that many college students have excellent sports quality., But lack the interest to enter the game or work outside to make money,self be willing to invest again because it is controlled by external rewards that are greater than the current real interests..?intrinsic motivation? means that students must complete a common subject,Its motives are controlled by the compulsory methods of school,Students in order to obtain a passing score,Showing an inner attitude of active efforts.? intrinsic motivation? refers to the judgment of individual in participating in sports activities, highly important to him (such as?The male of college students in Taiwan implement physical fitness test, the importance of applying for military academies).? intrinsic motivation?refers to individual elective swimming physical education classes for external reasons such as cooling off, cheap consumption and earning credits. …

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