China's Retaliatory Tariffs on Selected U.S. Agricultural Products *

By Hopkinson, Jenny | Current Politics and Economics of Northern and Western Asia, January 1, 2018 | Go to article overview

China's Retaliatory Tariffs on Selected U.S. Agricultural Products *


Hopkinson, Jenny, Current Politics and Economics of Northern and Western Asia


On April 2, 2018, the Chinese government implemented retaliatory tariffs on 128 product lines, including 93 U.S. agricultural products, in response to recent U.S. Section 232 tariff actions on certain imports of steel and aluminum products. China is the second largest market for U.S. agricultural exports by value, worth about $19.6 billion in 2017, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). China estimates the targeted U.S. imports are worth roughly $3 billion across all product categories, of which about two-thirds of the value is agricultural products.

China imposed an additional 25% tariff on U.S. pork products and an additional 15% tariff on certain varieties of U.S. fresh and dried fruit, nuts, wine, and ginseng, according to an unofficial translation of the list issued by the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS). Generally, U.S. exports to China are subject to the same import tariffs-known as most favored nation (MFN) tariffs-as other World Trade Organization member countries. Countries that have a free trade agreement with China may be subject to lower import tariffs. The retaliatory tariffs on U.S. agricultural products are in addition to the MFN rate, which for these items ranges from 7% to 30%.

U.S. farmers express concern that China's retaliatory tariffs could put them at a disadvantage compared with export competitors. Agriculture groups warn that the imposition of higher tariffs could curb sales to this key export market for U.S. farmers at a time of growing uncertainty about the continuity of other U.S. trading relationships. Additional tariffs could be imposed by China against the United States if commercial disputes escalate further.

U.S. PORK EXPORTS TO CHINA

China was the fifth largest export market by value for U.S. pork and the second largest export market by value for frozen U.S. pork offal in 2017. According to USDA data, which does not include transshipments from Hong Kong to China, the United States exported about $237 million worth of pork meat directly to China in 2017. Of that amount, about $166 million was frozen pork and $69 million was frozen bone-in ham and shoulder cuts. U.S. exports of frozen pork offal to China were valued at roughly $251 million in 2017. Almost a third of all U.S. frozen pork offal exports went to China in 2017.

As of April 2, 2018, the tariff to be applied on these pork products increased from 12% to 37%. According to analysis from Purdue University, these increased tariffs on U.S. pork exports to China could result in lost exports. U.S. pork producers could also see prices fall by as much as $7 per hog due to the new tariffs, according to the Purdue analysis. Table 1 shows the tariff increases for the top U.S. pork, fruit, nut, wine, and ginseng exports to China by value.

The U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF) estimates that U.S. pork product exports to China in 2017 were higher than the USDA data show, exceeding $1 billion. The discrepancy with USDA data reflects the inclusion by USMEF of exports to Hong Kong, which transships a significant volume of U. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

China's Retaliatory Tariffs on Selected U.S. Agricultural Products *
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.