Bibliometric Appraisal on Dental Research at Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from 1998-2017

By Ul Haq, Ikram; Al Fouzan, Sulaiman Khalid et al. | Library Philosophy and Practice, May 2019 | Go to article overview

Bibliometric Appraisal on Dental Research at Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from 1998-2017


Ul Haq, Ikram, Al Fouzan, Sulaiman Khalid, Al Fouzan, Rakan Khalid, Nadeem, Muhammad, Latif, Amir, Library Philosophy and Practice


Introduction

KSA is the largest country in the Arab world, investing sizeable amount on the provision of quality education and hi-tech health care facilities to its citizens. Numbers of higher education institutions increased during the last two decades similarly the growth of scholarly publications have also been amplified (Haq, AlFouzan, & Baladi, 2017). Research publications help authors to disseminate their findings, knowledge and novel ideas (Warraich, & Ahmad, 2011). Assessment of published literature to a specific area of knowledge on targeted period is considered critical to understanding the tendency (Baladi, Al-Mutairi, Al Harthy, & Haq 2017). Professional progress of any researcher, journal, institution, country, or region in the specific field of knowledge can be measured through quantitative and qualitative estimation of research output (Alanazi, Baladi, & Haq, 2018). Quantitative assessment of research publication is an important scale to assess the productivity of dental researchers.Scholarly literature has been playing a vital role in keeping the dental practitioners aware of the latest trends, technologies and practice (Bernstein, et. al. 2018).

The term bibliometric has been introduced by Alan Prichard in 1969, it is quantitative research technique used for physically published items (Hertzel, 2013). A related term "Scientometrics" has also the same purpose to analyze the quantitative characteristics of knowledge (van Raan, 1997). A review of relevant literature exposes that number of authors has presented a bibliometric analysis on different branches of medical and dental sciences. Adequate bibliometric studies on various disciplines of medical and allied health sciences have been carried out in the Saudi Arabian perspective. But no comprehensive study on dental research has been conducted. This report on dental research productivity analysis in KSA is intended to fill this gap. The aim of this study is to examine the bibliometric characteristics of dental sciences literature with authorship affiliated to KSA published from 1998 to 2017.

Objectives

This study has been carried out to achieve the following objectives:

1. To identify the worldwide share of Arab countries and especially KSA in the field of dentistry, the data of one year 2017 was analyzed.

2. To assess the year-wise growth of dental literature published by KSA during the projected period.

3. To find out productive authors and productive national institutions.

4. To evaluate the research-type and journals frequently used for publication.

5. To identify the research collaborating international organizations and counties.

Research Methodology

This retrospective and quantitative analysis on dental research growth by researchers affiliated with KSA is based upon the data retrieved from Scopus database. Scopus a multidisciplinary bibliographical citations database, covers more than 60 million periodical publications, over 113,000 soft copies of books and more than 7.2 million conference papers. "Saudi Arabia" has been written in the main search and selected the option of "affiliated country" from a drop down button. Date filter command was used from 1998 to 2017. The publications data on dentistry of 22 Arab countries was downloaded one by one to find out a share of KSA. The study conducted at College of Dentistry, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) from November 2018 to January 2019. Bibliometric indicators such as year-wise growth, productive author, research type, source publication, productive national institutions, international research collaboration and collaborating countries have been used to illustrate research performance of KSA. The spreadsheet of Microsoft Excel used for data analysis.

Limitations

The data used in the study is limited to Scopus indexed journals. The number of publications might be higher if the search has been applied on the Google Scholar database. …

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