Research on the Correlation between Psychological Content Parameters of Social Expectations and the Indexes of Study Progress of Future Physical Education Teachers

By Popovych, Igor; Blynova, Olena | Journal of Physical Education and Sport, May 2019 | Go to article overview

Research on the Correlation between Psychological Content Parameters of Social Expectations and the Indexes of Study Progress of Future Physical Education Teachers


Popovych, Igor, Blynova, Olena, Journal of Physical Education and Sport


Introduction

The psychology of constructing the future has been developing over the past decades. Temporal problems, the studies on a desirable way of life, the substantiation of psychological practices of constructing the future, life tasks, a career choice are the key priorities of the present. These problems also refer to the pedagogyу and psychology of physical education and sport. Professional training of "physical education teachers" demands our orientation to the future. Such interpretation of scientific problems actualizes the necessity of theoretical substantiation and empirical research on the correlation between psychological content parameters of social expectations and the indexes of study progress of future physical education teachers.

The scientific studies reveal the essence of social expectations as a regulator of social behavior of personality (Popovych, 2014a). Social expectations as an individual's psychological state reflect the correlation of a subjective estimation of the present situation of the interrelation and an individual's notion about him/herself as a subject of behavior in this situation (Tyshkovsky, 1998). Social expectations as a psychic process are provided by cognitive, emotional and conative readiness of personality for the expected course of events (Popovych, 2017). It was established that social expectations are capable of being a fundamental psychological mechanism of the self-regulation of an individual's behavior. Social expectations and self-esteem are two-way inter-consistent mechanism of mutual influence, through which the self-regulation of an individual's behavior is carried out (Boryshevsky, 2012). It was shown that self-esteem as the ability of a person to analyze his/her inner world and on this basis, through these functions, to support the activity of social expectations as a fundamental psychological mechanism of the self-regulation of an individual's behavior is developed through reflection, analysis and self-analysis of personal qualities, acts, actions, personal activity (Mikhalsky, 2014).

Personality has a personal system of social expectations. This system determines prospective lines and life strategies. Social expectations of personality are the process of constructing and reflecting social reality. This process is realized by the mechanisms of interiorization and exteriorization, internalization, externalization and objectivation, reflection, identification and stereotypization (Blynova, 2015). The major achievement of a human being in ontogenesis is the ability to construct the future, creating the relationship of anticipation as a process and image of achievement, as a product of processing internal representation (Mikhalsky, 2014). There are studies showing that social expectations of personality are intertwined with a general trajectory of personal life construction, with all the models of task structurization of the future, they are an efficient factor of realizing personal authenticity, an important feature of planning the future (Tytarenko et al., 2012).

The study examined a motivational component of social expectations in the theories of personality motivation (Popovych, 2014b), where the expectations of results are the relationship between the efforts made and the results achieved. It considered social expectations as forecasting the efficiency of labor activity. Such forecasts are based on analyzing the valence of an employee and the instrumentality of his/her employer. The main idea of such studies is the following - the more valuable the result is and the higher probability of a reward is, the more efforts an employer will make to achieve the aim (Kominis, 2007; Lunenburg, 2011a; 2011b). The experiments proved that control helps run a business maintaining balance between the expectations and behavior of sales agents. The study defined a group culture as general expectations between ?the awareness of its members' behavior? and ?the necessity of their actions? …

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