Collaboration Analysis Networks in the Technical and Engineering Research Institutes of Iran Ministry of Science, Research and Technology in Tehran (2011-2015)

By Fouladian, Maryam; Esmaeil, Dr Sedigheh Mohammad | Library Philosophy and Practice, September 2019 | Go to article overview

Collaboration Analysis Networks in the Technical and Engineering Research Institutes of Iran Ministry of Science, Research and Technology in Tehran (2011-2015)


Fouladian, Maryam, Esmaeil, Dr Sedigheh Mohammad, Library Philosophy and Practice


(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)

Introduction:

Interaction between researchers is well-known to be the essence of research practice. Researchers interact not only to communicate research activities but also to collaborate with each other to co-produce research and co-author research results (Melin and Persson 1996), (Cheong and Corbitt 2009).

Since the first collaborative paper appeared in 1665 (Luukkonen, Persson et al. 1992), scientific collaboration has become prevalent in various disciplines (Glänzel 2002); (Lariviere, Gingras et al. 2006); (Franceschet 2011); (Liu, Chang et al. 2012); (Chang and Huang 2013); (Han, Shi et al. 2014).

Collaboration is one of the ways of improving the quality of science (Ki-Wan, 2006; (Lundberg, Tomson et al. 2006); (Nikzad, Jamali et al. 2011). Collaboration among scientists has been on the rise over recent decades (Wagner and Leydesdorff 2003) and the wide availability of information technology and network information and facilities has improved national and international scientific collaborations (Wang, Wu et al. 2005). Collaboration increases the scientific and research potential of a country (Kim 1999). Although collaboration is not a quality indicator, it is a means to improve the quality of scientific works (Kim 2006); (Nikzad, Jamali et al. 2011).

The benefits and merits of research collaboration include: sharing and transferring knowledge and research equipment, connecting scholars to a large scientific network, expediting the research process, and increasing the visibility of article (Gazni and Didegah 2011); (Sooryamoorthy 2009); (Katz and Martin 1997); (Kim 1999); (Glänzel 2001); (Narin, Stevens et al. 1991); (Lawani 1986); (Gazni, Sugimoto et al. 2012).

A social network can be conceptualized as a set of individuals or references, each of which has connections of some kind to some or all of the others. In the language of social network analysis, people or groups are called "actors" or "nodes" and connections are referred to as "ties" or "links". Both actors and ties can be defined in different ways depending on the questions of interest. An actor might be a single person, a team, or a company. A tie might be a friendship between two people, collaboration or common member between two teams, or a business relationship between companies (Newman 2001); (Newman 2001); (Newman 2001)4 . In scientific collaborations' network actors (nodes) are authors and ties (links) are coauthorship relations among them. A tie exists between each two actors (scholars) if they have at least one co-authored paper.

About collaboration and network analysis a lot of studies have been done. However in the field of engineering and engineering institutes a few researches especially in Iran and other countries have been carried out. Due to the fact that engineering disciplines play an important role in the technology of the society, research in these fields leads to the effectiveness and efficiency of this field. Engineering subjects and related disciplines have a large volume of scientific publications in the whole world, which are based on a large number of bases to choose, provide, store, organize and disseminate information in this field. Science. A comprehensive map of knowledge and a detailed assessment of science in the technical and engineering departments of the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology of Tehran, can provide a visual representation of the current situation and take on a number of decisions. Strategic actions in this area are useful, effective and facilitating. The study will attempt to answer the following questions:

a. How is the trend of research outputs in technical and engineering fields separately sorted by different fields of study within institutions under supervision of Ministry of Science, Research and Technology in Tehran between 2011 and 2015?

b. What are the types of scientific outputs generated in technical and engineering fields in the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology in Iran? …

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