Aspects of Literacy in Vision and Mission of University Libraries in Indonesia

By Saddhono, Kundharu; Lestari, Puji et al. | Library Philosophy and Practice, September 2020 | Go to article overview

Aspects of Literacy in Vision and Mission of University Libraries in Indonesia


Saddhono, Kundharu, Lestari, Puji, Sari, Yuliana, Library Philosophy and Practice


1.Introduction

The current development demands the development of knowledge. Many people consider that education is the most important component of human life. Education is viewed as an ultimate weapon to develop civilization in a nation (Bifuh-Ambe, 2020). The higher-level education people have, the better life quality they seemingly have. However, education is not the only reason for gaining quality life. People need to have good characters. These are possibly recognized by performances represented and influences on their surrounding environment, for example the establishment ofperpustakaan (libraries) (Chang, 2019).

Perpustakaan is derived from "pustaka" referring to books. In Greek, it deals with library. Additionally, a library is a set or physical building used as a place for books collected and organized with reference to a certain system or user interest (Lasa, 2007:12). Besides, it includes a room, a part of a building or a building consisting of book collection, organized in such a way, so they are easily searched and used whenever readers need them (Sutarno, 2006:11).

Moreover, it is an important component for student formal learning and informal research need, beside supporting someone's educational journey (Batubara, 2014:17). It is a place to explore information sources and become a catalyst in student learning processes (Sudarsana et. al, 2019: 2). Hence, a concept of integration is fundamental on creating a library development program in collaboration with lecturers or departments to integrate curriculum (Steele, 2019). Besides, the involvement of library in developing curriculum needs to be implemented through education program integrated to curriculum and aiming to construct students with information literacy skill (Behrens, 1994:316).

Library has vision and mission. Vision and mission are reflected as inspirations, harmonization, characters of a library (Faust, 2007:77). They will construct main purposes or focuses developed through action and writing. According to Tanković (2013:332), a vision serves a projection about future intended by organization, and a mission explains purposes and reasons of today's organization existence. They are connected and related each other. The vision offers a guide of stimulation development and gives core businesses. Moreover, Collins and Porras (in Tanković, 2013: 332) argued that the vision has two key components: basic ideology and visionary future. Besides, Joachim (in Papulova, 2014:13) stated that the vision is generally viewed as the image of future. It is an image of superiority, something intended by someone, team, or organization to create their best future. The vision guides and maintains the existence of an organization. It is considered as an image of future situation mentality. It is originated from creative imaginations, actions, or powers to see imaginative mental image.

In addition, the mission is something determining the needs in which a company aims to achieve it and is satisfied for achieving it (Prasetyo & Benedicta, 2004:8). It is also suggested as a statement containing what should be conducted as a real and important effort to realize the vision of organizations, companies, or institutions. In general, it refers to steps for achieving the main objection (vision) of organizations, companies, or institutions.

2.Literature Review

Literacy is a technical ability of someone or people on mastering a result of his/their culture (Yusup & Saepudin, 2017:91). However, it absolutely will result in various understandings since it is related to certain contexts (Rader, 2019; Burnett & Merchant, 2020). For example, library literacy means an understanding about the existence of library as one of accesses to gain information; media literacy is an ability to know some types of different media in terms of printed, electronic, and digital, and understand the use of those media; mathematical literacy is an ability of someone to formulate, use, and understand anything related to mathematics; information literacy is an understanding to find some information through many sources; and so forth. …

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