Relation of Art to the Artist -- Art Emphasises the Fact that Natural Factors are Used for Expression -- This Fact Reveals a Spirit Capable of Expressing Thoughts and Emotions -- Why High Art Uses Forms Other than those Belonging to the Artist's Own Body -- Connection between the Creative in the Divine and in the Artist -- Both Necessitate Representation -- Representation of Spirit and of the Subconscious Nature -- Connection in Art between Personal and Sympathetic Effects -- Explanation -- How Art can Represent Appearances as they Affect the Individual, and yet as they Affect All -- Owing to Artist's Sympathetic Temperament -- What is Genius? -- Its Effects Representative of the Individual, and yet of Men in General.
IN Chapter I. it was said that art of the class which we are considering necessitates an external product, like a poem or a painting, as distinguished from an effect produced, as in elocution or pantomime, by the movements of one's own body. This is equivalent to saying that art of the highest rank, in addition to representing rather than imitating the phenomena of nature, and to representing rather than communicating thoughts and emotions, must represent rather than present the personality of the artist, meaning here by the word personality that combination of spirit and body which belongs to oneself as an individual, and to no one else. To understand why personality should be represented rather than presented, let us recall, for a moment, what was said in