Language and Communication

By George A. Miller | Go to book overview

A
Abbreviations, 89. 110, 125
and definitions, 110
and redundancy, 110
Abstraction, 168, 237
by animals, 168
in aphasia, 245
and concept formation, 237-238
Acoustic phonetics, 10, 32
Acoustics, 14, 26
Acuity (see Threshold)
Adams, D. K., 162, 276
Affixes, 134
Allport, F. H., 120,147, 276
Allport, G. W., 226, 270-272, 275, 276
Alternatives, 41, 52, 76, 200
and amount of information, 41, 77
on articulation tests, 76, 200
and dependability, 52
distinguishability of, 44, 49, 57, 76
in English phonemes, 23, 45
number of, 6, 41, 52, 100
in parts of speech, 94
in phonetic classes, 19, 86
and reaction time, 204
and redundancy, 102
in sentences, 77, 188
in sound waves, 42
in syllables, 88
and verbal habits, 200
in words, 88
Amount of information, 41, 102
definition of, 42 (See also Information)
Amplitude of vibration, 14, 15, 27, 43, 47
in decibels, 30
minimum audible, 28, 31, 47, 52
of speech waves, 14, 29, 32, 40, 61, 72
Amplitude selectivity, 72
Analogic change, 194
Aphasia, 239
amnesic, 244
and context, 246
Aphasia, expressive, 241
localization of, 239
receptive, 242
Approximation to English, 84
letters, 85, 201
words, 83, 192, 212
Arnott, P., 177, 280
Articulation, 16
complexity of, 86
development of, 87, 143
effect of context on, 20, 26, 34, 37
manner of, 87
positions of, 17, 24, 87
speed of, 17, 19, 74
types of, 17, 24
Articulation test, 58, 87
materials for, 59, 61, 64, 67, 71, 75
score for, 59, 76
and amount of information, 69
estimation of, 65
Articulators, 16
innervation of, 19
mobile or fixed, 17, 18
speed of movement of, 17, 19
Artificial language, 193
Association theory, 161
example of, 161
of verbal behavior, 164
Associative clusters, 175, 185, 219
in aphasia, 247
Associative inhibition, 211, 216, 218
Associative reaction time, 181, 204
Associative strength, 174
context in, 186
and errors, 185, 188
and generalization, 181
latency of, 181
and word associations, 175
Atherton, M. V., 179, 276
Atmosphere effect, 227
Attention, 200
Attitude, 226
Audible area, 48
and masking, 54

-287-

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Language and Communication
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Preface to Revised Edition vi
  • Preface vi
  • Contents ix
  • Foreword to the Teacher xi
  • Chapter 1 - By Way of Introduction 1
  • Chapter 2 - The Phonetic Approach 10
  • Selected References 46
  • Chapter 3 - The Perception of Speech 47
  • Selected References 79
  • Chapter 4- The Statistical Approach 80
  • Selected References 99
  • Chapter 5 - Rules for Using Symbols 100
  • Selected References 118
  • Chapter 6 - Individual Differences 119
  • Selected References 139
  • Chapter 7 - The Verbal Behavior of Children 140
  • Selected References 158
  • Chapter 8 - The Role of Learning 159
  • Selected References 173
  • Chapter 9 - Verbal Habits 174
  • Selected References 198
  • Chapter 10 - Some Effects of Verbal Habits 199
  • Selected References 222
  • Chapter 11 - Words, Sets, and Thoughts 223
  • Selected References 248
  • Chapter 12 - The Social Approach 275
  • Bibliography 276
  • Index 287
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