Psychology and Aging: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1991

By James E. Birren; Martha Storandt et al. | Go to book overview
the natural cohort. When broken down by cohort groupings, it became clear that cohort differences became generally smaller for the more recently born parent-offspring pairs, with the exception of increasing differences in favor of the parent generation for Number and Social Responsibility.We believe this study has demonstrated that family similarity is maintained throughout the adult life span and that the evidence for stability of such family similarity over time is substantial. As in studies of family similarity in early life, it seems clear that the effects of shared environment upon parent-offspring correlations is minimal. But the story may be even more complex. Parent-offspring resemblance differs by gender pairing and possibly by cohort membership. Hence in interpreting our findings as bases for heritability estimates we need to remain mindful that such estimates are bounded by the historical period, the societal circumstances, and the gender of the population studied. Nevertheless we feel that with this study we have come a long way in beginning to understand the dimensions of family similarity within the cognitive domain, but much work remains.
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Baltes P. B., Reese H. W., & Lipsitt L. P. ( 1980). "Life-span developmental psychology". Annual Review of Psychology, 31, 65-110.
Bernstein E. ( 1924). "Quickness and intelligence". British Journal of Psychology, 3(7).
Cohen J., & Cohen P. ( 1975). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
DeFries J. C., Ashton G. C., Johnson R. C., Kusi A. R., McClearn G. E., Mi M. P., Rashad M. N., Vandenberg S. G., & Wilson J. R. ( 1976). "Parent-offspring resemblance for specific cognitive abilities in two ethnic groups". Nature, 261 (5556), 131-133.
DeFries J. C., & Fulker D. W. ( 1985). "Multiple regression of twin data". Behavior Genetics, 15, 467-473.
DeFries J. C., Plomin R., & LaBuda M. ( 1987). "Genetic stability of cognitive development from childhood to adulthood". Developmental Psychology, 23, 4-12.
DeFries J. C., Vandenberg S. G., & McClearn G. E. ( 1976). "The genetics of specific cognitive abilities". Annual Review of Genetics, 10, 197-207.
Ekstrom R. B., French J. W., Harman H., & Derman D. ( 1976). Kit of factorreferenced cognitive tests

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Psychology and Aging: Nebraska Symposium on Motivation, 1991
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Introduction ix
  • Aging and Slowing Of Behavior: Consequences for Cognition And Survival 1
  • References 33
  • Memory-Skills Training for Older Adults 39
  • References 119
  • Wisdom And Successful Aging 123
  • References 159
  • Trait Psychology Comes of Age 169
  • References 200
  • Natural Cohorts: Family Similarity In Adult Cognition 205
  • References 240
  • Maturing the Study Of Aging: Discussant'S Commentary 245
  • Conclusion 257
  • Subject Index 261
  • Author Index 269
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