CLIVE WEBB Dedicated with love to Sally Rippin, my guiding star throughout the writing of this article.
Charles Mantinband is one of the best-known southern Jewish activists in the civil rights struggle. In this essay Clive Webb describes the many pressures exerted to silence his voice. Hatemongers clearly created a climate of fear. Much of this story concerns the rabbi's relationship with his congregation. Although the author does not identify avowed segregationists in the congregation and notes that many agreed with Mantinband's opinions, the intimidation factor was so high that the tension level between congregation and rabbi remained at a fever pitch. Mantinband adjusted as best he could without compromising his activism. Although the fear and insecurity of the Jewish community has been noted many times, few stories are as poignant as those of Mantinband here and of Perry Nussbaum in the next selection.
Whether or not the desk sergeant had been dozing, he must have been wide awake within moments of answering his phone. The distressed caller on the other end of the line exclaimed that he had just been startled from his sleep by a "loud explosion." The time was 3:37 A.M. By daybreak a crowd of onlookers, newspaper reporters, and politicians had gathered outside the Jewish Reform Temple on Peachtree Street as fire workers made their way through the smoking debris. Damage would eventually be calculated at more than two hundred thousand dollars. The bombing of the Atlanta Temple on 12 October 1958 was the fourth such attack since March. Another three synagogues during the past year had been saved only because dynamite placed by terrorists failed to ex-