Classifying Reactions to Wrongdoing: Taxonomies of Misdeeds, Sanctions, and Aims of Sanctions

By R. Murray Thomas | Go to book overview

6
Types of Aims
This chapter offers a condensed version of the aims taxonomy described in chapter 5, a version suitable for use in classifying the goals or objectives that people hope will be achieved by sanctions they propose.The taxa are listed in seven groups. The first six groups contain aims in the form of desired results (producing positive outcomes). The seventh group offers aims designed to prevent unsuitable outcomes (avoiding undesired results).Consistent with the pattern of chapter 5, the aims centering on desirable outcomes are presented under six categories that focus on (1) fostering societal goals, (2) protecting the interests of an organization, (3) preventing offenders from further transgression, (4) improving offenders' life conditions, (5) promoting the welfare of victims, and (6) advancing the welfare of the person proposing the sanctions.Each taxon in the list consists of (a) a code number, (b) an identification label that begins with an active verb (for example, match the offense or enforce the law), (c) a definition of that particular aim, and (d) two quoted statements that can be interpreted as implying such an aim. The letter A preceding each code number signifies that the item belongs to the aims taxonomy as distinct from the misdeeds (M) and sanctions (S) taxonomies.
THE AIMS TAXONOMY
A-1. Fostering Societal Goals Often reactions to wrongdoing are directed toward promoting general principles deemed desirable for the proper conduct of society. For present purposes, the following aims are of this general nature. They focus on sanctions that are expected to:
A-1.1. Sustain an orderly social system--conducting life in a lawful, customary, predictable manner

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Classifying Reactions to Wrongdoing: Taxonomies of Misdeeds, Sanctions, and Aims of Sanctions
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles In Contributions in Psychology ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • 1- Characteristics of Taxonomies 1
  • Conclusion 18
  • 2- Conceptualizing Wrongdoing 21
  • Conclusion 48
  • 3- Classifying Misdeeds 49
  • Conclusion 53
  • 4- Modes of Reasoning About Aims and Sanctions 55
  • Conclusion 76
  • 5- Foundations of an Aims Taxonomy 77
  • Conclusion 113
  • 6- Types of Aims 115
  • Conclusion 126
  • 7- Foundations of a Sanctions Taxonomy 127
  • Conclusion 178
  • 8: Types of Sanctions 179
  • 9- Applications 193
  • Conclusion 201
  • References 203
  • Index 211
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