The Armed Forces of the USA in the Asia-Pacific Region

By Stanley B. Weeks; Charles A. Meconis | Go to book overview

structure was swiftly felt. Already, President Bush's 2 August 1990 speech 'In Defense of Defense' had publicly outlined a 'new national security strategy' which recognized the end of the Cold War and focused on 'regional threats'. Iraq's invasion of Kuwait on that very same day at once overshadowed the speech and validated its central theme.

The Joint Chiefs of Staff issued their 1991 Joint Military Net Assessment in March of that year. It outlined five possible scenarios of future post-Cold War conventional conflict. In escalating order of significance, they were: (1) a relatively low-level counter- insurgency or counter-narcotics contingency; (2) a 'lesser' regional contingency such as Panama or the Philippines; (3) a 'major' regional contingency [MRC] in either Korea or Southwest Asia; (4) two simultaneous major regional contingencies ( Korea and Southwest Asia); and (5) an invasion of Poland and Lithuania by Russia and Belarus.

Despite the buildup for Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, by the spring of 1991 spokespeople for the Bush administration had outlined a 25 per cent reduction in US defense spending based on these new geopolitical realities. The New 'Base Force' envisioned reduced the size of all the armed services by approximately the same amount. 81 A new era had begun.


SUMMARY

Over their first 150 years of presence in the Asia-Pacific region, the Armed Forces of the United States of America had engaged in four 'hot' wars, 45 years of the Cold War, and countless smaller engagements on land, sea and in the air, from the Aleutians to the jungles of New Guinea. Over 180 000 members of the American armed forces had died in those efforts. This legacy of commitment would not end with the Cold War.

However, in light of the enormous changes in the geopolitical situation in 1992 the United States began to seriously re-evaluate its interests, its strategy--and thereby its military presence--in the Asia-Pacific region. The next chapter examines those interests, and the evolving strategy designed to defend them.

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The Armed Forces of the USA in the Asia-Pacific Region
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables, Figures and Maps viii
  • Glossary of Acronyms ix
  • Preface xvii
  • Metric Conversion Table xx
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - A Brief History of the Us Military Presence 6
  • Summary 29
  • 2 - Us Interests and Strategic Policy 30
  • 3 - National Command and Control and Us Pacific Command 65
  • 4 - Us Base Infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific Region 82
  • Summary 97
  • 5 - Us Nuclear Forces 99
  • 6 - Us Navy and Us Marine Corps 122
  • 7 - Us Air Force and Us Space Command 157
  • Summary 182
  • 8 - Us Army and Us Special Operations Command 184
  • Summary 211
  • 9 - The Future of Us Armed Forces 212
  • Summary 234
  • 10 - Conclusion 235
  • Appendix 252
  • Notes 256
  • Bibliography 275
  • Index 293
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