The Armed Forces of the USA in the Asia-Pacific Region

By Stanley B. Weeks; Charles A. Meconis | Go to book overview

3
National command and control and US Pacific Command

The tradition of civilian control of military forces--and of non- involvement of the military in civilian government--is a deep and abiding one in the history of the United States of America. This tradition is embodied in the numerous governmental organizations and agencies responsible for the planning and execution of military operations. This chapter briefly reviews their history, organizational structure and command relationships, with emphasis on US forces in the Asia-Pacific region.


NATIONAL COMMAND AUTHORITIES

The system of 'checks and balances' spelled out in the United States Constitution divided governmental power into three branches: the executive, legislative and judicial. With regard to command and control of military forces, Article One on the legislative branch of government states in Section Seven that Congress has the right:

To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make
Rules concerning captures on Land and Water;
To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to
that Use shall be for a longer term than two Years;
To provide and maintain a Navy;
To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land
and Naval forces . . . 1

In that same document, Article Two on the executive branch states, in Section Two, that: 'The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into actual Service of the United States . . .' 2

-65-

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The Armed Forces of the USA in the Asia-Pacific Region
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Foreword v
  • Contents vii
  • Tables, Figures and Maps viii
  • Glossary of Acronyms ix
  • Preface xvii
  • Metric Conversion Table xx
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - A Brief History of the Us Military Presence 6
  • Summary 29
  • 2 - Us Interests and Strategic Policy 30
  • 3 - National Command and Control and Us Pacific Command 65
  • 4 - Us Base Infrastructure in the Asia-Pacific Region 82
  • Summary 97
  • 5 - Us Nuclear Forces 99
  • 6 - Us Navy and Us Marine Corps 122
  • 7 - Us Air Force and Us Space Command 157
  • Summary 182
  • 8 - Us Army and Us Special Operations Command 184
  • Summary 211
  • 9 - The Future of Us Armed Forces 212
  • Summary 234
  • 10 - Conclusion 235
  • Appendix 252
  • Notes 256
  • Bibliography 275
  • Index 293
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