Creation and Abortion: A Study in Moral and Legal Philosophy

By F. M. Kamm | Go to book overview

Notes
1.
It might be argued that the baseline should be part (a) of Figure 1, because we use part (a) as a baseline when we disconnect someone from life support and then allow him to die, thus making him what he was--both alive and dying-- before being connected. (I owe this observation to Joseph Rizzo.) Because it is not generally permissible to kill someone who will die soon anyway, it may be argued that it should not be permissible to kill someone who would have died soon if he had not been attached to you. In answer I point out that: (1) To produce a sufficient good, it may be permissible to kill someone who will die soon anyway; and (2) Suppose that we would not kill someone at tl if he will soon die at t2. We might still think it is permissible to kill at t3 in the violinist's case because t2--when the violinist would have died--is in the past by t3, and the person would have been dead at t2.
2.
A third type of case is that of a person who is not even causally involved in producing the threat but is on it. A villain may have put him there, or else a natural event (e.g., a gust of wind) blew him onto the threat, which has an adhesive surface. Such persons are referred to as innocent shields.
3.
Nancy Davis, "Abortion and Self-Defense", Philosophy and Public Affairs 13( 1984):175-207.
4.
What if it were her duty to sit on an object before it became a threat? The object should still not become a threat to someone, and she should not be on it when it is a threat.
5.
Likewise, someone who is afflicted with a disease that makes him a threat should be responsible for not harming others, even though he is not morally responsible for his illness.
6.
I first made this point in "Problems in the Morality of Killing and Letting Die" (Ph.D. diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1980).
7.
I first used this example in a discussion of what innocent threats owe their victims, in my article The Insanity Defense, Innocent Threats and Limited Alternatives, Criminal Justice Ethics, Summer 1987, pp. 61-76. I tried to prove that the innocent threat has a duty not to cause harm, and I derived from this his duty to undo such harm if he were unable to prevent himself from causing it, as well as his duty to compensate anyone he does harm if he cannot undo the harm. I now suspect these conclusions go too far, but it is interesting, I think, to figure out why. Our discussion in this book summarizes part of this earlier piece.
8.
Further discussion of what efforts we are justified in avoiding by killing, which completes the analysis of this topic, occurs in Chapter 3, and is summarized on p. 70.
9.
Larry Crocker and Julian Lamont kindly commented on this chapter.

-63-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Creation and Abortion: A Study in Moral and Legal Philosophy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • Introduction 3
  • 1 - May We Kill in Nonabortion Cases? 20
  • Notes 39
  • 2 - Applying the Argument to Specific Nonabortion Cases 42
  • Notes 63
  • 3 - Variations and Alternatives 64
  • Notes 76
  • 4 - May We Kill in Abortion Cases? 78
  • Notes 120
  • 5 - Creating Responsibly 124
  • Notes 182
  • 6 - Informed Consent, Responsibilities in Pregnancy, and External Means of Gestation 186
  • Notes 218
  • Index 221
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 230

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.