THE GOAL OF "UNITED ACTION"
It would be imputing to the framers of the NIRA and to the enacting Congress more logical consistency than they themselves would claim, to find in the Recovery Act the outlines of a clearly conceived labor policy or of a theory of industrial relations. Like most of our social-economic legislation, the NIRA was the product of improvisation and compromise. Moreover the act was an emergency measure, hammered out in a rush, and intended to get immediate results. 1 Nevertheless the labor provisions of the act present a more or less coherent system centering around several major ideas.
The new federal labor policy which the National Industrial Recovery Act outlined as essential for the achievement of its twofold objective of recovery and reconstruction rests on three major principles: (1) The establishment of minimum wages, maximum hours, and good working conditions as standards of "fair competition"; (2) the creation of legal safeguards for labor organization and collective bargaining; and (3) the maintenance of industrial peace or what is termed, in the declaration of public policy, "the united action of labor and management."
In Part III we discussed the code provisions on wages, hours, and other working conditions as related to the purposes of the act. In this section of our study, we are concerned primarily with the other aspects of labor policy, namely collective bargaining, labor organization, and labor-management relations.____________________