COLLECTIVE BARGAINING UNDER THE CODES
It was to be expected that the application of the NIRA would give rise to a struggle between employers and employees for the interpretation of its labor provisions and for the determination of the specific labor standards to be established in codes. What the NRA tried to do and actually did, must thus be viewed not only in the light of the intent of the act, but also against the background of contending forces.
In Part III, the work of the NRA in formulating code labor provisions during 1933-34 was surveyed. These provisions represent, in a way, the major part of the NRA's performance in relation to labor. On the basis of that survey, conclusions were drawn as to the changes wrought in the wage and hour structure of American industry, and in the competitive interrelations of various industries as affected by labor standards. In Part VI an analysis is also made of the effects of code wage and hour provisions on cost-price relationships and their influence on the drive towards recovery.
In the present section, we intend to review the NRA's performance in applying the provisions of the NIRA which bear on collective bargaining and on industrial relations. In considering this problem we must remember that the NRA acted in a threefold capacity: (1) it was a code-making mechanism; (2) it was an administrative agency supervising the administration and enforcement of codes; and (3) it assumed the task of interpreting the provisions of the act and of the codes.