Governors, Legislatures, and Budgets: Diversity across the American States

By Edward J. Clynch; Thomas P. Lauth | Go to book overview

Table 7.1
Zero-Order Correlation Coefficients, General Fund Budget Outcomes for Individual Agencies and Programs, FY 1976-1988
Approval of RequestBudget Growth
Acquisitivenessa Gubernatorial Acquisitivenessa Gubernatorial
with support with with support with
Fiscal N Gubernatorial Legislative Legislative Gubernatorial Legislative Legislative
Year Supportb Successc Success Supportd Successe Success
1976 54 -.12 -.24*** .20 .74* .89* .82*
1977 62 -.58* -48* .79* .62* .54* .76*
1978 62 -.36** -.27*** .60* .90* .81* .91*
1979 63 -.28*** -.37** .69* .45* .65* .71*
1980 65 -.35** -.53** .77* .51* .19 .61*
1981 62 -.33** -.76* .20 .62* .15 -.07
1982 64 -.33** -.39* .23*** .85* .36** .30*
1983 59 -.44* -.67* .74* .93* .86* .91*
1984 61 -.08 -.45* .38** .33** .06 .57*
1985 58 -.37** -.79* .60* .96* .63* .71*
1986 59 -.85* -.90* .89* .52* .43* .76*
1987 59 -.68* -.71* .65* .59* .21*** .26***
1988 59 .19 .32*** .81* .60* .66* .91*
*p ≤ .001, **p ≤ .01, ***p ≤ .05
aThe general fund amount in the request divided by the general fund amount in the budget base.
bThe general fund amount in the governor's recommendation divided by the general fund amount in the request.
cThe general fund amount in the legislative appropriation divided by the general fund amount in the request.
dThe general fund amount in the governor's recommendation divided by the general fund amount in the budget base.
eThe general fund amount in the legislative appropriation divided by the general fund amount in the budget base.

CONCLUSION

Idaho's budget is small compared to that of most states, but it has encountered serious budget problems in the past decade. Revenue and spending growth rates have been hampered by economic recession, inflation, limitations on local property taxation, and reductions in federal grant programs. In real terms, expenditures have barely kept pace with inflation.

Idaho's budget system is a hybrid with zero-base, program, and line-item features. In Idaho, legislative budget outcomes are related to revenue availability, agency efforts to increase their budgets, and executive budget recommendations. In the legislature, a key decision maker is the Joint Finance-Appropriations Committee, whose appropriations bills are nearly always enacted by the legislature without change.

We anticipate that Idaho's basic budget system will continue with occasional changes in format and procedures. We believe that budget outcomes will continue to be greatly influenced by the revenue picture, agency strategies, the interest and power of the governor, and the ideological and partisan makeup of the legislature and its powerful Joint Finance-Appropriations Committee.

-69-

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