America's Struggle with Chemical-Biological Warfare

By Albert J. Mauroni | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 15
Smoke, Radiacs, and
Medical CB Defense

In addition to CB defense, the Chemical Corps also has responsibilities for smoke and obscurants programs and radiacs. The Chemical School was also to coordinate with the Medical Corps for medical chemical defense material requirements: treatments, antidotes, and vaccines for CB agents and their effects. The Air Force and Navy had never considered radiation detection programs, smoke and obscurants programs, or medical CB defense programs as part of their CB defense programs, as did the Army, prior to 1990. Radiacs in particular remain a distinct research area due to the larger and more diverse requirements that arise in operating nuclear reactors and storing nuclear weapons. Likewise, smoke and obscurants were seen as a general survivability problem, not a specific CB defense concern; therefore, any interservice coordination was done on a case-by-case basis and not as a rule. The Marine Corps, in part due to their traditional ground force missions, took advantage of the Army's efforts in smoke and radiacs but remained subordinate to the Navy's primary service role in medical CB defense. This chapter reviews the evolution of these cousins of the Army NBC defense/smoke program. If nothing else, the reader should understand that these programs had to compete with the better-established CB defense programs. While they were overshadowed by CB defense, there were important advances in the 1980s smoke, radiac, and CB medical programs that would play significant roles in the Gulf War.


RADIAC PROGRAMS

Development of radiacs began immediately after the rumbles of Nagasaki settled. Prior to 1945, the military had access to civilian laboratory instruments; these had been used to detect alpha, beta, gamma, and X-ray emissions but were obviously not rugged enough to withstand field conditions. In 1945 the military saw the dawn of the atomic battlefield and recognized the need for simple and rugged instruments that would give the soldier information about the presence of radioactive fallout. Military leaders were not concerned about alpha particles that

-185-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
America's Struggle with Chemical-Biological Warfare
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 293

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.