activity. The second is to model and influence the creation of professional character so that the exercise of discretion and judgment will be done in ways that are decent and responsible. This latter belongs clearly to the field of ethics. These two objectives or projects are not necessarily incompatible, but require such different attitudes that they cannot be effectively taught together in a single course.
[in considering] our apparent policy regarding mutual aid. If, as seems to be the case, we are prepared to allow a person to fail to save another when doing so would involve a moderately heavy sacrifice, why not allow him to do the same for the sake of a much greater benefit, to be gained from that person's death? The answer seems to be that, while a principle of mutual aid giving less consideration to the donor's sacrifice strikes us as too demanding, it is not nearly as threatening as a policy allowing one to consider the benefits to be gained from a person's death.
See also the discussion in Ronald Dworkin, TAKING RIGHTS SERIOUSLY ( Cambridge, Mass.; Harvard University Press, 1978), p. 99.