Management and Labor in Imperial Germany: Ruhr Industrialists as Employers, 1896-1914

By Elaine Glovka Spencer | Go to book overview

Acknowledgments

Over the years it has taken to research and write this book, many individuals have generously provided me with guidance and assistance. I am happy to have this opportunity to acknowledge publicly their efforts on my behalf.

First on the list of those to whom I am indebted is Professor Hans Rosenberg, who, with patience and insight, directed the dissertation that was the precursor of this work. My dissertation also benefited from the suggestions of Professor Gerald Feldman, who shared with me some of his extensive knowledge of the history of German industry. Whatever the failings of this investigation, they did not result from any lack of good advice given me at its beginning.

Indispensable for my study of Ruhr employers was the aid offered by numerous archivists and librarians. Particularly generous with his assistance was Herr Bodo Herzog, who made available to me the vast archival collection of the Gutehoffnungshütte. With his help, I spent several very rewarding weeks working through a wealth of documents that illuminated not only the management of the metallurgical and mining interests of the Gutehoffnungshütte but also the relationship of that concern and its leaders to other companies, government officials, political associations, and interest groups.

Dr. Hedwig Behrens, though retired, took time to discuss archival sources with me. Dr. Gertrud Milkereit of the Thyssen archive and Dr. Lutz Hatzfeld of the Mannesmann archive made available small but useful collections of documents relating to entrepreneurial associations. The Bundesarchiv Koblenz and the Bergbau Archiv provided extensive documentation on two key organizations: the Verein deutscher Eisen- und Stahlindustrieller and the Zechenverband. The Bergbau Archiv also yielded much useful information on the administration of Ruhr mines, especially those subsequently acquired by Krupp.

The Staatsarchive in Koblenz, Düsseldorf, and Münster provided abundant government documents on a variety of relevant topics ranging from general economic conditions to safety, hours of labor, company welfare institutions, work orders, and worker committees. Since any manifes

-ix-

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Management and Labor in Imperial Germany: Ruhr Industrialists as Employers, 1896-1914
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • Introduction 1
  • 1 - Coal, Iron, and Steel 8
  • 2 - The Entrepreneurial Elite 24
  • 3 - Ruhr Workers 40
  • 4 - Industry and Government 52
  • 5 - Initial Challenges 63
  • 6 - Company Welfare Programs 71
  • 7 - The Terms of Labor 80
  • 8 - Conflict and Readjustment 98
  • 9 - Containment 114
  • 10 - Unsolved Problems 130
  • Conclusion and Comparisons 139
  • Appendix A Ruhr Coal, Iron, and Steel Corporations 149
  • Appendix B Members of the Ruhr Entrepreneurial Elite 151
  • Notes 157
  • Bibliography 189
  • Index 205
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