From Spear to Flintlock: A History of War in Europe and the Middle East to the French Revolution

By Frederic J. Baumgartner | Go to book overview

17
The Dutch Revolt

Therefore, despairing of all means of reconciliation and left without any other remedies and help, we have been forced (in conformity with the law of nature and for the protection of our own rights and for those of our fellow-countrymen... so that they should not fall into Spanish slavery) to abandon the king of Spain and to pursue such means as we think likely to secure our rights, privileges and liberties.

Therefore we make it known that for all these reasons, forced by utter necessity, we have declared and declare herewith by a common accord, decision and agreement that the king of Spain has ipso facto forfeited his lordship, jurisdiction and inheritance of these provinces, that we do not intend to recognize him in any matters concerning him personally, his sovereignty, jurisdiction and domains in these countries, nor to use or to permit others to use his name as that of our sovereign. Consequently we declare all officers, judges... and all other inhabitants of these provinces, whatever their conditon or quality, to be henceforward released from all obligations and oaths they may have sworn to the king of Spain.

Quoted in Ernst Kossman and Albert Mellink, editors, Texts Concerning the Revolt of the Netherlands ( Cambridge, 1974), pp. 225-26. The Dutch Declaration of Independence was approved by the States General of the six Dutch provinces in 1581.

A dying Philip II was willing to make peace with Henry IV, his long time foe; but even on his deathbed he was not prepared to treat with a more bitter enemy, the Dutch, whom he regarded not only as heretics but also as traitors. By 1598 the Dutch revolt was already thirty years old, but the fighting would continue for another fifty years, leading the Dutch to refer to their war of independence as the Eighty Years War. Especially in its middle years, it was far more productive of innovation in warfare than were the French Wars of Religion.

-231-

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From Spear to Flintlock: A History of War in Europe and the Middle East to the French Revolution
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations vii
  • Maps ix
  • Preface xi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - The Greek Phalanx 7
  • 3 - The Roman Legion 25
  • 4 - The Fall of the Roman Empire 43
  • 5 - The Byzantine and the Arab Empires 55
  • 6 - The Early Middle Ages in Western Europe 67
  • 7 - Feudalism 79
  • 8 - Holy War in the Middle East 93
  • 9 - Castles and Siegecraft 111
  • 10 - War in the High Middle Ages 125
  • 11 - The End of the Medieval Military 141
  • 12 - The Fifteenth Century: Pikes and Guns 157
  • 13 - War in the Renaissance 171
  • 14 - Naval War in the Mediterranean 187
  • 15 - The Rise of the Atlantic Fleets 203
  • 16 - The Sixteenth Century 219
  • 17 - The Dutch Revolt 231
  • 18 - The Thirty Years War 245
  • 19 - The New Model Army and Navy 263
  • 20 - The Wars of Louis XIV 275
  • 21 - War in the Early Eighteenth Century 291
  • 22 - The Wars of Frederick the Great 307
  • 23 - The French Revolution 321
  • Suggested Readings 329
  • Index 337
  • About the Author *
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