Area Handbook for Israel

By Harvey H. Smith; Frederica M. Bunge et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 15 FOREIGN RELATIONS

Resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict and attainment of broad international relations are among the fixed goals of Israel's foreign policy. They have been reiterated and elaborated upon by official spokesmen since the inception of statehood in 1948. Given the absence of such a durable, contractual peace, however, Israeli diplomacy has sought to avoid, at a minimum, political isolation from the international community.

Relations are conducted in terms of at least five specific policy objectives: to secure recognition and diplomatic support by the greatest possible number of states; to promote friendly economic and cultural exchanges; to defend the existence of the state by explaining its governmental policies and by publicizing its social development; to counteract Arab influence while inducing the neighboring Arab states by various means to enter into negotiations aimed toward peace; and to strengthen ties between Israel and world Jewry. Diplomatic skill combines with military preparedness to form the principal components of security for the state, which has had to live for the most part in an atmosphere of neither war nor peace.


THE MINISTRY FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS

Diplomatic Traditions

Those who represent the country abroad benefit from a diplomatic tradition that predates 1948. This historical legacy may be traced, in the first instance, to the Biblical period. Its most contemporary phase began in the early years of the 20th century when Theodor Herzl, soliciting support for an autonomous Jewish settlement, conferred unsuccessfully with the rulers of Europe. Dr. Chaim Weizmann, his successor, concentrated instead upon Great Britain and was rewarded in 1917 with the Balfour Declaration, regarded as the outstanding achievement of Zionist diplomacy until 1947-48 (see ch. 3, Historical Setting).

When British determination to retain the mandate for Palestine weakened in the 1940's, the Zionist leaders turned their attention instead to multilateral diplomacy and also to the United States and the Soviet Union, both then emerging as world powers. These efforts

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Area Handbook for Israel
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface v
  • COUNTRY SUMMARY vii
  • Contents xi
  • SECTION I. SOCIAL 1
  • Chapter 2 - PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 13
  • Chapter 3 Historical Setting 29
  • Chapter 4 - POPULATION 55
  • Chapter 5 Ethnic Groups and Languages 67
  • Chapter 6 Social Structures 75
  • Chapter 7 Family 89
  • CHAPTER 8 - LIVING CONDITIONS 98
  • Chapter 9 - EDUCATION 113
  • Chapter 10 - ARTISTIC AND INTELLECTUAL EXPRESSION 131
  • Chapter 12 - SOCIAL VALUES 153
  • SECTION II. POLITICAL 163
  • Chapter 14 - POLITICAL DYNAMICS 187
  • Chapter 15 Foreign Relations 209
  • Chapter 16 - PUBLIC INFORMATION 221
  • Chapter 17 - POLITICAL VALUES AND ATTITUDES 239
  • Chapter 18 - BIOGRAPHIES OF SELECTED KEY PERSONALITIES 255
  • SECTION III. ECONOMIC 273
  • Chapter 20 Agriculture 285
  • Chapter 21 Industry 299
  • Chapter 22 Labor 311
  • Chapter 23 - DOMESTIC TRADE 333
  • Chapter 24 - FOREIGN ECONOMIC RELATIONS 345
  • Chapter 25 Financial and Monetary System 357
  • SECTION IV. NATIONAL SECURITY 369
  • Chapter 27 - PUBLIC ORDER AND INTERNAL SECURITY 397
  • Index 447
  • PUBLISHED AREA HANDBOOKS 457
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