THE Crown Prosecution Service has now been part of the criminal justice system of England and Wales for around ten years, but its powers are still more restricted than those of public prosecutors in most other European jurisdictions, including Scotland. In England, for example, official pronouncements have long been coy about the influence of prosecutors over sentence. Julia Fionda's study uses the fruits of comparative research into the prosecution systems of Scotland, the Netherlands and Germany as a basis for reconsidering the proper scope of prosecutorial decision-making in this country. Should the Crown Prosecution Service be given the power to deal with cases by means of prosecutor fines or other forms of diversion from court? What objectives should determine the answer of this question --restorative principles, considerations of operational efficiency, or the preservation of the credibility of the criminal justice system? Questions of this kind are likely to be of growing importance in the coming years, and this study provides a well-researched and carefully argued foundation for the debate.