Latin American Urbanization: Historical Profiles of Major Cities

By Gerald Michael Greenfield | Go to book overview

8
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

Frank Moya Pons


INTRODUCTION

The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola, with the remainder belonging to the nation of Haiti. The island's strategic Caribbean location has resulted in a history marked by continuing foreign influence. Though a small land area, the Dominican Republic has a complex geography, which includes four ranges of mountains running in a southeast to northwest direction. Mountains cover some 60 percent of the nation's territory. Major river systems include the Yaque del Norte, the Yaque del Sur, the Yuma, and the Artibonito.

The eastern portion of the country features grassy savannas devoted to sugarcane and cattle raising. La Romana and San Pedro de Macorís, the nation's third and fourth largest cities, are located there. To the north, the Cibao Valley, some 225 kilometers long, lies between the two most important mountain ranges--the Northern Cordillera, or Monte Cristi Range, and the Central Cordillera. This valley has been the nation's dominant agricultural center and home to its landed elite. The city of Santiago de los Caballeros is the Cibao Valley's major urban center and the nation's second largest city. Santo Domingo, the Dominican Republic's national capital and most populous city, lies on the Caribbean coast to the south. 1


URBAN HISTORY

Discovery

Hispaniola was the first territory of the New World settled by Europeans. The Spaniards who arrived there with Christopher Columbus in 1492 were

-188-

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Latin American Urbanization: Historical Profiles of Major Cities
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • 1: ARGENTINA 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Bibliography 37
  • 2: BOLIVIA 39
  • Introduction 39
  • Notes 60
  • References 60
  • 3: BRAZIL 62
  • Introduction 62
  • Note 104
  • References 104
  • 4: CHILE 106
  • Introduction 106
  • Notes 131
  • References 131
  • 5 - COLOMBIA 134
  • Introduction 134
  • Note 157
  • References 157
  • 6: COSTA RICA 159
  • Introduction 159
  • Note 171
  • References 171
  • 7: CUBA 173
  • Introduction 173
  • References 186
  • 8: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 188
  • Introduction 188
  • Note 213
  • Bibliography 214
  • 9: ECUADOR 215
  • Introduction 215
  • References 249
  • 10: EL SALVADOR 252
  • Introduction 252
  • Notes 270
  • References 270
  • 11: GUATEMALA 273
  • Introduction 273
  • Notes 290
  • References 291
  • 12: HAITI 294
  • Introduction 294
  • Note 311
  • References 311
  • 13: HONDURAS 313
  • Introduction 313
  • References 328
  • 14: JAMAICA 331
  • Introduction 331
  • References 347
  • 15: MEXICO 350
  • Introduction 350
  • References 391
  • 16: NICARAGUA 396
  • Introduction 396
  • References 414
  • 17: PANAMA 416
  • Introduction 416
  • Note 425
  • Bibliography 425
  • 18 - PARAGUAY 427
  • Introduction 427
  • Bibliography 444
  • 19: PERU 446
  • Introduction 446
  • Note 466
  • References 466
  • 20: URUGUAY 468
  • Introduction 468
  • Bibliography 484
  • 21: VENEZUELA 486
  • Introduction 486
  • Note 508
  • References 508
  • SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 511
  • Index 517
  • ABOUT THE EDITOR AND CONTRIBUTORS 533
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