Latin American Urbanization: Historical Profiles of Major Cities

By Gerald Michael Greenfield | Go to book overview

dards. Although housing is crowded and public services are limited, the quality of urban life is attractive to both rural migrants and short-term visitors to the city.


Ciudad del Este (Puerto Presidente Stroessner)

Founded in 1957 as Puerto Presidente Stroessner, in name, it honored the dictator president who ruled from 1954 to 1989; in function, it mirrored the rapid development of eastern Paraguay. Renamed Ciudad del Este in 1989, when Stroessner fell from power, its population is roughly 10 percent that of metropolitan Asunción. Its development as a modern "growth pole" reflects a 1973-1981 boom period tied to hydroelectric development (Itaipú Dam, mainly a Brazilian undertaking, is the largest hydroelectric project in the world) on the Paraná River, the earlier completion of a paved highway to a duty-free port at Paranagua, Brazil, and the agricultural development of eastern Paraguay since the 1970s (and the concomitant wholesale destruction of rain forest). Some 330 kilometers east of Asunción and directly on the border with Brazil, the city's economy was broadened by pronounced increases in contraband trade in retail consumer goods, as well as drugs, during the 1970s and 1980s, which was sanctioned by corrupt elements of the Paraguayan military hierarchy. There is also expansion of tourism tied to nearby Iguazú Falls.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Alegre Heriberto. 1977. "La colonización en el Paraguay; El eje este". Revista Paraguay de Sociologia 14 (January-April): 135-155.

Baer Werner, and Melissa Birch. 1984. "Expansion of the Economic Frontier: Paraguayan Growth in the 1970s". World Development 12, no. 8:783-798.

Ballesteros A. 1949. Historia de América. Barcelona: Salvatierra.

Cardozo Efraim. 1959. El Paraguay colonial: las raíces de la nacionalidad. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Nizza.

-----. 1965. Breve historia del Paraguay. Buenos Aires: EUDEBA.

Chaves Julio César. 1968. Descubrimiento y conquista del Río de la Plata y el Paraguay, vol. 1, Historia General del Paraguay. Asunción: Ediciones Nizza.

Gillespie Francis. 1983. "Comprehending the Slow Pace of Urbanization in Paraguay Between 1950 and 1972". Economic Development and Cultural Change 31 (January):355-375.

González J. Natalico. 1948. Proceso y formación de la cultura paraguaya, vol. 1, 2d ed. Asunción: Editorial Guarania.

-----. 1964. Geografía del Paraguay. Mexico, D.F.: Editorial Guarania.

Gubetich Hugo Ferreira. 1975. Geografía del Paraguay. Asunción: n.p.

Gutiérrez Ramón. 1983. Evolución urbanistica y arquitectónica del Paraguay. Asunción: Ediciones "Comuneros."

Kallsen Margarita. 1987. Asunción: 450 años de su fundación, 1537-1987. Bibliography. Asunción: n.p.

-444-

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Latin American Urbanization: Historical Profiles of Major Cities
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations vii
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xix
  • 1: ARGENTINA 1
  • Introduction 1
  • Bibliography 37
  • 2: BOLIVIA 39
  • Introduction 39
  • Notes 60
  • References 60
  • 3: BRAZIL 62
  • Introduction 62
  • Note 104
  • References 104
  • 4: CHILE 106
  • Introduction 106
  • Notes 131
  • References 131
  • 5 - COLOMBIA 134
  • Introduction 134
  • Note 157
  • References 157
  • 6: COSTA RICA 159
  • Introduction 159
  • Note 171
  • References 171
  • 7: CUBA 173
  • Introduction 173
  • References 186
  • 8: DOMINICAN REPUBLIC 188
  • Introduction 188
  • Note 213
  • Bibliography 214
  • 9: ECUADOR 215
  • Introduction 215
  • References 249
  • 10: EL SALVADOR 252
  • Introduction 252
  • Notes 270
  • References 270
  • 11: GUATEMALA 273
  • Introduction 273
  • Notes 290
  • References 291
  • 12: HAITI 294
  • Introduction 294
  • Note 311
  • References 311
  • 13: HONDURAS 313
  • Introduction 313
  • References 328
  • 14: JAMAICA 331
  • Introduction 331
  • References 347
  • 15: MEXICO 350
  • Introduction 350
  • References 391
  • 16: NICARAGUA 396
  • Introduction 396
  • References 414
  • 17: PANAMA 416
  • Introduction 416
  • Note 425
  • Bibliography 425
  • 18 - PARAGUAY 427
  • Introduction 427
  • Bibliography 444
  • 19: PERU 446
  • Introduction 446
  • Note 466
  • References 466
  • 20: URUGUAY 468
  • Introduction 468
  • Bibliography 484
  • 21: VENEZUELA 486
  • Introduction 486
  • Note 508
  • References 508
  • SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 511
  • Index 517
  • ABOUT THE EDITOR AND CONTRIBUTORS 533
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