The American Fund for Public Service: Charles Garland and Radical Philanthropy, 1922-1941

By Gloria Garrett Samson | Go to book overview

19
Education and Culture

As the month of March 1925 ended, Baldwin appeared as a defendant in Paterson, where he and his five codefendants were convicted of unlawful assembly. While Baldwin received a six-month jail sentence, his codefendants were ordered only to pay fifty-dollar fines. Allowed to remain free on bail on appeal, he was warned that if he returned to Paterson, he would be taken to City Hall and made to kiss the Constitution and the flag. "You couldn't make me kiss my own mother if I didn't want to," he responded. 1

Baldwin's liberal friends had demonstrated their support by unanimously electing him president of the Civic Club while he stood trial. He also received an invitation to join a communist-sponsored "proletarian artists' and writers' league," which he declined because he was "not a proletarian anything," but "just a parasitic agitator." Although the communists undoubtedly regarded Baldwin as useful rather than someone who would follow the party's dictates, they knew his sympathies increasingly lay with them. He rather wistfully mentioned in later life, "I was never regarded as likely enough material by the communists for anyone to suggest to me membership in the Party." 2

The Pioneer Youth of America eventually received over $36,000 from the Fund after an initial grant in April 1925 of $5,000 a year for two years, contingent on "a showing of increased support each quarter from the labor movement." Intended as a counterhegemonic organization in opposition to the Boy Scouts, Campfire Girls, "and similar organizations," the Pioneer Youth"definitely and avowedly stands for loyalty to peace rather than war or preparation for war, for the ideal of fellowship of free human beings rather than the regimentation of 100 per cent Americans," Norman Thomas explained. The Boy Scouts organization, he said, "is fundamentally an antiradical agency" which instills "jingoist nationalism." The Pioneer Youth, on the other hand, hoped to give children "understanding and respect for creation rather than acquisition and to import to them the thrill of labor's struggle for its own emancipation and a better world." 3

-133-

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The American Fund for Public Service: Charles Garland and Radical Philanthropy, 1922-1941
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Labor Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • 1 - An Inheritance Rejected 1
  • Notes 3
  • 2 - From Progressivism to Radicalism 5
  • Notes 12
  • 3 - The Aclu and a New Social Order 15
  • Notes 18
  • 4 - Free from the Bonds of Old Institutions 19
  • Notes 24
  • 5 - Workers Will Lay Down Their Tools 27
  • Notes 31
  • 6 - To Promote the Well-Being of Mankind 33
  • Notes 38
  • 7 - Pacifists as Radicals 41
  • Notes 46
  • 8 - It Takes Warm Hearts 49
  • Notes 56
  • 9 - Chosen to Box the Left Compass 59
  • Notes 63
  • 10 - A Sane Enough Radicalism 65
  • Notes 68
  • 11 - Spend It Here and Now 69
  • Notes 73
  • 12 - Scientific, Pragmatic, Efficient 75
  • Notes 81
  • 13 - Emancipation of Their Class in Every Sphere 83
  • Notes 90
  • 14 - Bolsheviks in Patriots' Clothing 93
  • Notes 100
  • 15 - Tempers Flare 103
  • Notes 109
  • 16 - The Rebel Girl Comes Aboard 111
  • Notes 115
  • 17 - Surveying the Left 117
  • Notes 122
  • 18 - Enemies on the Left 125
  • Notes 131
  • 19 - Education and Culture 133
  • Notes 139
  • 20 - Recipient Testimonials 141
  • Notes 147
  • 21 - Negro Work"" 149
  • Notes 155
  • 22 - Passaic 157
  • Notes 162
  • 23 - Vanguard Press 165
  • Notes 169
  • 24 - Friction Within and Without 171
  • Notes 177
  • 25 - Little Left to Repress 179
  • Notes 190
  • 26 - The Manifold Discriminations That Beset Him"" 193
  • Notes 201
  • 27 - Shift to Low Gear 205
  • Notes 216
  • 28 - We Did Quite a Lot of Good 219
  • Notes 224
  • Bibliography 227
  • Index 253
  • About the Author 265
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