The American Fund for Public Service: Charles Garland and Radical Philanthropy, 1922-1941

By Gloria Garrett Samson | Go to book overview

23
Vanguard Press

The first issue of New Masses, appearing in May 1926, included a Robert Dunn review of Scott Nearing and Joseph Freeman book, Dollar Diplomacy. Dunn and Freda Kirchwey served on the magazine's editorial board. Also in May, James Weldon Johnson and Arthur Garfield Hayes, as ACLU members, were barred from speaking at a city high school. The New York Times, in its report of the ACLU's blacklisting from city schools, identified Johnson as "a negro [sic] writer and singer." 1

Roger Baldwin, writing from Carmel, California, reported his belief that "the Fund has been pumping oxygen into a lot of hopelessly sick patients." He had discovered in his travels that the Workers Party "is the only husky patient we have got." He did not "think much" of the workers' education enterprises he had visited. "They don't know where they are going or how to get there." Baldwin thought that if the Fund spent less now, more would be available "for perhaps more hopeful days 2 or 3 years from now or perhaps we can find forces more likely to be militant than those now in the field." He recognized the vitality of the communists but hoped that other militant forces, less sectarian, would appear. He was "for hell-raising on principle," he said, but it must accompany "more solid spadework." 2

He reiterated, in a letter to Flynn, that the Workers Party was "the only force I've met" and expressed his pleasure and surprise that "they are developing unusual sense and humility!" The IWW "is on the rocks," he said, and the labor movement--"if it can be called a 'movement'--is backed into a corner." The LaFollette "radicals" and the Socialist Party had vanished, he lamented. He asked Nearing why the board had considered new applications after the recommendation to refuse them. He thought the agreement to fund an LID research assistant was "a most unpromising investment for a bunch that had just adopted a report favoring only aggressively militant activities." Aid to the Cooperative League was certainly "a great little piece of militancy!" He was sick of the board's "backing and filling." 3

-165-

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The American Fund for Public Service: Charles Garland and Radical Philanthropy, 1922-1941
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Labor Studies ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • 1 - An Inheritance Rejected 1
  • Notes 3
  • 2 - From Progressivism to Radicalism 5
  • Notes 12
  • 3 - The Aclu and a New Social Order 15
  • Notes 18
  • 4 - Free from the Bonds of Old Institutions 19
  • Notes 24
  • 5 - Workers Will Lay Down Their Tools 27
  • Notes 31
  • 6 - To Promote the Well-Being of Mankind 33
  • Notes 38
  • 7 - Pacifists as Radicals 41
  • Notes 46
  • 8 - It Takes Warm Hearts 49
  • Notes 56
  • 9 - Chosen to Box the Left Compass 59
  • Notes 63
  • 10 - A Sane Enough Radicalism 65
  • Notes 68
  • 11 - Spend It Here and Now 69
  • Notes 73
  • 12 - Scientific, Pragmatic, Efficient 75
  • Notes 81
  • 13 - Emancipation of Their Class in Every Sphere 83
  • Notes 90
  • 14 - Bolsheviks in Patriots' Clothing 93
  • Notes 100
  • 15 - Tempers Flare 103
  • Notes 109
  • 16 - The Rebel Girl Comes Aboard 111
  • Notes 115
  • 17 - Surveying the Left 117
  • Notes 122
  • 18 - Enemies on the Left 125
  • Notes 131
  • 19 - Education and Culture 133
  • Notes 139
  • 20 - Recipient Testimonials 141
  • Notes 147
  • 21 - Negro Work"" 149
  • Notes 155
  • 22 - Passaic 157
  • Notes 162
  • 23 - Vanguard Press 165
  • Notes 169
  • 24 - Friction Within and Without 171
  • Notes 177
  • 25 - Little Left to Repress 179
  • Notes 190
  • 26 - The Manifold Discriminations That Beset Him"" 193
  • Notes 201
  • 27 - Shift to Low Gear 205
  • Notes 216
  • 28 - We Did Quite a Lot of Good 219
  • Notes 224
  • Bibliography 227
  • Index 253
  • About the Author 265
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