This volume is, for the most part, a product of an international symposium on "North American Economies in the 1990s" held in Laredo, Texas, in the summer of 1987. The symposium was cosponsored by Laredo State University. My special thanks go to several members of the university for their support and their invaluable assistance. Manuel T. Pacheco, then president of Laredo State University, by providing continuous encouragement and by his willingness to invest the university's prestige and resources in this project, was instrumental in bringing to fruition the symposium, and eventually this book. I am also grateful to Leo Sayavedra, academic vice president, and many members of the university's administrative and secretarial services. My colleague Sandra Richard, chair of the Business Division, was both inspiring and accommodating. Finally, my special thanks are due to Phillip Lane, director of the Institute for International Trade, for his everpresent willingness to help.
I am also grateful to many symposium participants for their assistance in evaluating and refereeing the papers presented at the symposium for inclusion in this book. They were Barbara Chrispin, California State University, Dominguez Hills; Klaus P. Fischer, Hofstra University; Walter Greene, Pan American University; Donald Hakala, East Texas State University; Michael Hammig, Clemson University; Belmont Haydel, Rider College; Joseph Horton, University of Scranton; Randall Kesselring, Arkansas State University; Irene Lange, California State University, Fullerton; Shah M. Mehrabi, Mary Washington College; Faisal A. Nasr, University of Texas at Austin; Gary Noreiko, University of Southern Colorado; Edgar Ortiz, National University of Mexico; Ana Maria Perez-Gabriel, Universidad Autonoma de Tamaulipas; Jerry Prock, Pan American University; Brother Leo Ryan, DePaul University; Rendl-Marcus, Professor Emeritus, City