International Trade and Finance: A North American Perspective

By Khosrow Fatemi | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
See William Branson, "Causes of Appreciation and Volatility of the Dollar," in The U.S. Dollar: Recent Developments, Outlook, and Policy Options ( Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, August 1985).
2.
Some observers have maintained that the established weighted average indexes of exchange rates have overstated the dollar's depreciation. In particular, they note, the dollar has declined in value much less against the currencies of some newly industrialized trading partners than it has against the currencies of the industrialized nations represented in traditional indexes. See B. Pauls, "Measuring the Foreign Exchange Value of the Dollar," Federal Reserve Bulletin ( June 1987):411-22.
3.
See Stephen P. Magee, "Currency Contracts, Pass-Through, and Devaluation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1 ( 1973):303-25.
4.
Robert A. Feldman, "Dollar Appreciation, Foreign Trade, and the U.S. Economy," Quarterly Review ( Federal Reserve Bank of New York) ( Summer 1982): 5.
5.
Catherine L. Mann, "Prices, Profit Margins, and Exchange Rates," Federal Reserve Bulletin ( June 1986):378.
6.
"Japanese Auto Makers Find the Going Tough Because of the Yen's Climb," Wall Street Journal, December 16, 1986.
7.
See Craig Hakkio and Richard Roberts, "Has the Dollar Fallen Enough?" Economic Review ( Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City) ( July/August 1987): 24-41.
8.
See John Wilson and Wendy Takacs, "Expectations and the Adjustment of Trade Flows Under Floating Exchange Rates: Leads, Lags, and the J-Curve," International Finance Discussion Paper no. 160 ( Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, April 1980).
9.
See William Helkie and Peter Hooper, "The U.S. External Deficit in the 1980s: An Empirical Analysis," International Finance Discussion Paper no. 304 ( Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, February 1987).
10.
Edwin A. Finn, "Screeching to a Halt," Forbes, July 28, 1986, 38.
11.
Mann, "Prices, Profit Margins, and Exchange Rates," p. 378.
12.
Hakkio and Roberts, "Has the Dollar Fallen Enough?" pp. 33-34.
13.
Charles W. Stevens, "Dollar Is Down but Exports Are Barely Up," Wall Street Journal, July 14, 1986.

-219-

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