Adhesions. Scar tissue that binds or adheres to surrounding tissue abnormally. Typically occurs after surgery.
Atrophy. Wasting away of the muscles that occurs from disuse or from interruption of the nerve supply.
Biopsy. Removal and microscopic examination of tissue performed to establish a precise diagnosis.
Black lung disease. A disease of the lungs caused by habitual inhalation of coal dust.
Bone scan. A two-dimensional representation of the rays emitted by a dye injected into the bones, used to visualize bones better than with traditional X rays.
Carpal tunnel syndrome. Compression at the wrist of the median nerve, which is a nerve that controls the thumb muscles and the sensation, or feeling, in some of the hand.
CAT scan. See CT scan.
Contagious. Easily transmitted or "caught" from another individual or source.
CT scan. A three-dimensional computerized image of a "slice," or section, of the body, used to visualize "soft tissue" such as muscles and internal organs.