to each case, culture remains an important factor in examining adaptation and resistance to change from the regional business community. Education, in particular, plays a decisive role in a region's tendencies to grow or decline.
This exploratory essay touches on a number of perspectives for examining the relationship between regional and national culture in France, emphasizing the role of business in this relationship. First, it seems clear that, even in the case of a country with a strong centralizing tradition, regional industrial cultures endure as driving forces in the dynamics of regional economies. In view of the extensive variations in economic environments, culture is probably one of the most decisive variables used in determining the fate of a declining industry or an industry striving for renewal.
Second, regional cultures are multifaceted, but their essential components can be discerned through the history, traditions, economics, symbols, rituals, and behaviors of the inhabitants. The strengths and weaknesses of regional culture provide the impetus for action, particularly for business leaders who become aware of the traditions from which they originate or create.
Finally, culture is a consideration for any company that is locating or relocating in a region, including large firms that have potentially vast holdings of factories, research centers, and business connections at their disposal, as well as for small firms that often require a specific industrial and regional culture to survive and grow. In any relocation venture, culture will doubtless be one of the factors for investors and CEOs to consider.
Translated initially by Elizabeth A. Usovicz, Department of English, Bentley College, and edited by Joseph Weiss, Management Department, Bentley College.