The demise of the Cold War ended the bipolar struggle and terminated the great majority of the brushfire wars that had developed in the Third World as a consequence of the struggle between the great powers. The war in El Salvador was coincidentally one of the very last of these wars that was fought under these parameters. However, several subversive groups in Latin America still persist in the aftermath of the East-West conflict. Some examples are the movements in Peru, Colombia, and Guatemala. The recent uprising and continued fighting in Chiapas, Mexico show that insurgency warfare did not die out with the end of the Cold War. Instead, they indicate that the idea of gaining power and imposing social reforms through violence and force is still alive and well in the Latin American region.
In El Salvador, the insurgent war by the Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) formally ended on January 31, 1992, when the armed forces of El Salvador gave their Report to the Nation, in which it was declared that the military campaign to defend the state against Marxist-Leninist aggression had been suspended. The mission had been successfully accomplished due to the heroism, valor, sacrifice, and professionalism of the Salvadoran soldier.
Today, as a consequence of the January 16, 1992 Peace Accords, the FMLN has been fully integrated into society and the formal institutions of the nation. Nevertheless, there is little doubt that the war in El Salvador was closely watched by subversive and guerrilla organizations wishing to glean lessons for their own wars of liberation. It is not surprising, then, to see FMLN-developed concepts show up around the region, such as among the insurgent groups of Guatemala and Mexico. Guerrilla strate-