International Handbook of Medical Education

By Abdul W. Sajid; Christine H. McGuire et al. | Go to book overview

Foreword

In 1971, when Abdul Sajid embarked on his career as a medical educator, international collaboration in the field was a relatively primitive enterprise. By the time of his tragic death in 1992 he had played a major role in shaping this growing movement and was admired throughout the world for his thoughtful, constructive, and always sensitive contributions. The International Handbook of Medical Education is a fitting tribute to his initiative, as well as a reminder of how much remains still to be done to assure a more appropriate fit between health professions education and the health needs of both developed and developing nations.

An early effort to promote international dialogue was the 1953 First World Conference on Medical Education, held in London under the sponsorship of the World Medical Association. It attracted some 600 participants representing 127 Faculties of Medicine in 62 countries. In his opening address Sir Lionel Whitby, President of the Conference, noted: "The world . . . has become so shrunken . . . that we can no longer take a parochial view of our problems." During the ensuing days, 91 formal papers were delivered, and innumerable commentators shared information about the ways in which their institutions and nations were coping with such common problems as student selection, curriculum development, and instructional and evaluation procedures. Chicago was the venue for the 1959 Second World Conference, which was organized and conducted in a similar manner.

Seven years later, reflecting on these two events, Dr. Raymond B. Allen, President of the 1959 assembly, summarized in these words the central theme of both meetings: "The ideals of excellence--the philosophy of the first-rate end of lifelong learning--epitomized the concern of medical Faculties throughout the world. The clear call was to adapt medical education to the mounting challenge of the twentieth-century revolution in science and technology.

Although virtually no sustained action resulted from those conferences, the World Health Organization (WHO), whose primary mission is that of directing

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International Handbook of Medical Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • 1: An Overview of Medical Education in the Late Twentieth Century 1
  • References 12
  • 2: Evaluation and Change in Medical Education 13
  • References 18
  • 3: Australia 21
  • References 35
  • 4: Belgium 37
  • References 48
  • 5: Brazil 53
  • 6: Canada 65
  • References 75
  • 7: The Commonwealth (English-Speaking) Caribbean 81
  • References 96
  • 8: Chile 101
  • References 107
  • 9: The People's Republic of China 109
  • References 123
  • 10: Czech and Slovak Federative Republic 131
  • References 139
  • 11: Egypt 141
  • References 154
  • 12: France 155
  • References 169
  • 13: Germany 175
  • References 186
  • 14: Hungary 191
  • References 203
  • 15: India 207
  • References 219
  • 16: Israel 231
  • References 246
  • 17: Italy 249
  • References 254
  • 18: Japan 259
  • References 267
  • 19: Malaysia 275
  • References 288
  • 20: Mexico 291
  • References 300
  • 21: The Netherlands 305
  • References 317
  • 22: Nigeria 321
  • References 327
  • 23: Pakistan 331
  • References 342
  • 24: Poland 347
  • References 358
  • 25: Russia (Former USSR) 359
  • References 368
  • 26: South Africa 369
  • 27: Thailand 377
  • References 390
  • 28: United Kingdom 393
  • References 403
  • 29: United States of America 405
  • References 415
  • 30: Venezuela 417
  • References 428
  • Appendix A: General Country Demographics, 1989 437
  • Appendix B: Medical School Demographics, by Country 441
  • Appendix C: Admission Policies and Requirements, by Country 447
  • Appendix D: Policy Making Bodies with a Role in Medical Education 459
  • Appendix E: Professional Organizations with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 465
  • Appendix F: Governmental Agencies with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 469
  • Appendix G: Selected Bibliography 473
  • Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in This Handbook 485
  • Index 495
  • About the Contributors 511
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