The author wishes to express special appreciation to her husband, Dr. Jules Masserman, who reviewed the preliminary draft of this chapter, offered many valuable suggestions that have been incorporated in it, and otherwise assisted in its preparation.
In addition to the succeeding chapters which served as a primary source of information for this overview, the following general references are especially helpful resources about the current sociocultural context of medical practice and general trends in curriculum, instruction and assessment.
Curry L., J. F. Wergin, et al. 1993. Educating professionals. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Dinham S. M., and F. T. Stritter. 1983. "Research on professional education". In M. E. Wittock , ed., Handbook of research in teaching. New York: MacMillan.
Flexner A. 1910. Medical education in the United States and Canada: A report to the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Bulletin no. 4. Boston: Updyke.
Hart I. R., and R. M. Hardin. 1987. Further developments in assessing clinical competence. International Conference Proceedings. Montreal, Canada: Can-Heal Publications.
McGuire C.H. 1992. "Social medicine and world health". In J. H. Masserman and C. H. Masserman , eds., Social psychiatry and world accords, pp. 49-57. New York: Gardner Press.
-----. 1989. "The curriculum for the year 2000". "Med Educ 23":221-227.
McGuire C. H., R. P. Foley, A. Gorr, R. W. Richards, et al., eds. 1983. Handbook of health professions education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Nooman Z., H. G. Schmidt, and E. S. Ezzat, eds. 1990. Innovation in medical education: An evaluation of its present status. New York: Springer Publishing.
Payer L. 1988. Medicine and culture: Varieties of treatment in the United States, England, West Germany and France. New York: Henry Holt.
Schmidt H. G., M. Lipkin, et al, eds. 1989. New directions for medical education: Problem-based learning and community-oriented medical education. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Starr P. 1982. The social transformation of American medicine. New York: Basic Books.