International Handbook of Medical Education

By Abdul W. Sajid; Christine H. McGuire et al. | Go to book overview

19
Malaysia

SHARIFAH H. SHAHABUDIN

Malaysia lies at the heart of Southeast Asia. It is the only country to share a common border with its ASEAN neighbors. ASEAN, an acronym for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, is comprised of Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Malaysia, and is the fastest growing economic region of the world today. Malaysia occupies a land area of 129,000 square miles with two distinct regions: West Malaysia, which is the more densely populated peninsular area, and East Malaysia, consisting of the states of Sarawak and Sabah with the mystic Kinabalu, the highest peak in the region located on the island of Borneo, separated from the mainland by 400 miles of the South China Sea.

The population numbers 18 million, with 65 percent below the age of 30 years. The majority are of ethnic Malay stock while the other one-third are of Chinese and Indian descent. Malaysia is proud of its multicultural and multireligious heritage. The official religion is Islam, but people are free to practice their respective faiths, and the official language is Malay, but English, Mandarin, Tamil, and the indigenous languages are also taught and freely spoken. Free education is provided up to pre-university level, and extensive funds are allocated for university scholarships and loans. There are approximately 60,000 Malaysian students in various foreign universities and an equal number in the seven local universities.

The system of government is a constitutional monarchy under a parliamentary democracy where representatives are elected to the legislature every five years by universal adult suffrage. The other two arms of the government are the executive and the judiciary. The national development policy has as its goal for Malaysia to be a fully developed nation by the year 2020. Embodied in this goal is the vision of an industrialized nation, with a confident and united Malaysian people infused by strong moral and ethical values, living in a society that is democratic, liberal and tolerant, caring, economically just and equitable,

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International Handbook of Medical Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations ix
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xv
  • 1: An Overview of Medical Education in the Late Twentieth Century 1
  • References 12
  • 2: Evaluation and Change in Medical Education 13
  • References 18
  • 3: Australia 21
  • References 35
  • 4: Belgium 37
  • References 48
  • 5: Brazil 53
  • 6: Canada 65
  • References 75
  • 7: The Commonwealth (English-Speaking) Caribbean 81
  • References 96
  • 8: Chile 101
  • References 107
  • 9: The People's Republic of China 109
  • References 123
  • 10: Czech and Slovak Federative Republic 131
  • References 139
  • 11: Egypt 141
  • References 154
  • 12: France 155
  • References 169
  • 13: Germany 175
  • References 186
  • 14: Hungary 191
  • References 203
  • 15: India 207
  • References 219
  • 16: Israel 231
  • References 246
  • 17: Italy 249
  • References 254
  • 18: Japan 259
  • References 267
  • 19: Malaysia 275
  • References 288
  • 20: Mexico 291
  • References 300
  • 21: The Netherlands 305
  • References 317
  • 22: Nigeria 321
  • References 327
  • 23: Pakistan 331
  • References 342
  • 24: Poland 347
  • References 358
  • 25: Russia (Former USSR) 359
  • References 368
  • 26: South Africa 369
  • 27: Thailand 377
  • References 390
  • 28: United Kingdom 393
  • References 403
  • 29: United States of America 405
  • References 415
  • 30: Venezuela 417
  • References 428
  • Appendix A: General Country Demographics, 1989 437
  • Appendix B: Medical School Demographics, by Country 441
  • Appendix C: Admission Policies and Requirements, by Country 447
  • Appendix D: Policy Making Bodies with a Role in Medical Education 459
  • Appendix E: Professional Organizations with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 465
  • Appendix F: Governmental Agencies with a Role in Medical Education, by Country 469
  • Appendix G: Selected Bibliography 473
  • Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in This Handbook 485
  • Index 495
  • About the Contributors 511
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