We should declare a moratorium on the crescendo of criticism of Black education which began in the 1940's and which reaches new heights daily. Remember, when we join the criticism of Black education, that it was always financed with a bargain- basement mentality. Control always remained in the white power structure, with no real commitment to the education of Blacks. Remember that out of that background--we have traveled this far. 161
The irony was that the legal campaign that had secured new legal rights had also emphasized the inferiority of Negro education. The Sweatt decision epitomized the dangers of reaching the right result for the wrong reasons. The unanimous opinion reflected the same kind of compromise that characterized the NAACP's legal strategy, settling for a short-term tangible gain in opportunity at the expense of a long-range confusion of principle. Sweatt produced important results in the admission of Negroes to graduate and professional programs; it provided the framework for arguments in the public school cases. It also proved an uncertain and unpredictable precedent. Like Gaines and Sipuel, it was as much a reaffirmation of the separate-butequal doctrine as a means to achieve new educational opportunities. Its emphasis on arguments of educational substance complicated the legal issue and left no room for the positive educational role of black public colleges.