Although German-language theatre had comprised a vital component of Philadelphia's theatrical heritage for over a century, the German Theatre Stock Company (or the German Stock Company, as it was sometimes called) comprised the longest-lived professional attempt to provide twentieth-century German- speaking Philadelphians with a theatre all their own.
Management and Stage Directors: Carl Saake ( 1906-7), Max Hanisch and William Addicks ( 1907-11).
Actors and Actresses: William Boukman, Auguste Burmester, Max Fulk, Herman Gerold, Marguerite Haas, Max Hanisch, Gustav Hatzheim, Guy Johnsenn, Paul Nelve, Emilie Schoenfeld, Albert Schroeder, Felix Seidel, Marguerite Vareuz, Richard Waugeman.
1907-8 season only: Maid of Orleans, The Sacrificed Lamb, Maritana, The Gypsy Baron, Forbidden Fruit, Intrigue and Love, The Flirter, The Bat, The Beggar Student, Cornelius Voss, Ghosts, Away from Man, Before Sunrise, Don Caesar, Max and Moritz, Boccaccio, An Enemy of the People, Bataille des Dames, The Fortune Seekers in America, The Ancestors, Fatinitza, The Iron Masters, Over the Water, The Cricket, The Last Will of the Great Elector, A Night Off, A Parisian Good-for-Nothing, Old Heidelberg, Hannele's Ascension, Three Pairs of Shoes, A Wild Night, A Crested Lark, The Merry Wenzel, Cinderella, Dr. Klause, Gasparone, Nanon, Honor, Robert and Bertram, Around Berlin in Eighty Hours, The Storm, La Belle Helene, Merry Fellows, Beautiful Galatea, The Enchanted Castle, Sharpshooter Liza, The Hope of the Blessing, The Fourth Commandment, Preciosa, The Seven Swabians, The Golden Spider, The Merry Widow.
New York Dramatic Mirror, 1907-11.
Philadelphia Inquirer, 1907-11.
Mari Kathleen Fielder
GERARD AVENUE STOCK COMPANY. Philadelphia's Girard Avenue Theatre opened on March 30, 1891, as a touring house, charging 25 cents to $1.50 for admission. It operated in this vein for several months but was unsuccessful despite appearances by star actors such as James O'Neill and McKee Rankin. A management change allowed actor-manager George Holland to assume the new theatre's lease and organize a resident company to fill its roster. This company, called the Girard Avenue Stock Company, premiered on September 21, 1891, in the drama, Not Guilty.
Holland's troupe was one of the first of the new mode of stock organization to become predominant during the next forty years. This new type of stock company offered a new play each week, charged moderate admission prices, and employed a resident company of twelve to fifteen professional actors. Visiting