American Theatre Companies, 1888-1930

By Weldon B. Durham | Go to book overview

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Published Sources:

Duluth Herald, 1922-23, 1927-28.

Duluth News-Tribune, 1922-23, 1927-28.

Superior Evening Telegram, 1922-23, 1927-28.

Archival Resources:

Duluth, Minnesota. St. Louis County Historical Society. Theatre file, Building file.

Interview:

McMinn, Mrs. James ( Nela Gifford McMinn). Duluth, Minnesota, March 30, 1983.

Roger H. Schultz

[DONALD] ROBERTSON PLAYERS. Donald Robertson, the organizer and driving force behind the Donald Robertson Players was born and spent his early years in Scotland. After his family moved to America he attended schools in New York and eventually entered the theatre as an actor, serving in the companies of Lester Wallack, Kate Claxton, Dion Boucicault, and Steele MacKaye. He spent a period of years as an actor in England and returned to America, traveling to Chicago in 1904 as a member of a company headed by Mary Shaw presenting plays of Henrik Ibsen. When the troupe finished Ibsen Hedda Gabler, its offering to the Chicago audiences, the company left the city but Robertson remained behind. He had sensed the artistic enthusiasm and recognized the theatrical opportunities in the still young and growing city.

Robertson became the dramatic director of the Cosmopolitan School of Music and Dramatic Art, an organization supported by the Chicago Women's Club. He asked the Women"s Club, as a sponsoring agency, to develop a repertory company to begin operation in August 1906. Those plans never materialized as the sponsors seemed reluctant to underwrite what they felt was a high-risk venture. In the summer of 1907 Donald Robertson decided to sponsor the group himself and gathered a company which consisted largely of his students from the Cosmopolitan School of Music and Dramatic Art.

The company opened its regular season on September 3, 1907, at Ravinia, a charming and popular little park north of Chicago. The first week consisted of four matinees and three evening performances of Molière The Miser and Ibsen The Trium ph of Youth and Rosmersholm. They were well supported and enthusiastically received by Ravinia audiences. W. L. Hubbard, drama critic of the Chicago Tribune reported, "The performances are not 'great' in the sense that any of the roles are played with exceptional brilliancy, but they are of an uncommon general evenness and balance" ( Chicago Tribune, September 15, 1907, sec. 1, p. 1). Hubbard also suggested that, compared with the Ben Greet Players,* which had also appeared at Ravinia, the Robertson offerings were "masterly." The company continued, even increasing the regularity of its performances, through the final week of its contract at Ravinia when it played nightly from October I through October 5.

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American Theatre Companies, 1888-1930
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • A 1
  • Bibliography 4
  • Bibliography 8
  • Bibliography 13
  • Bibliography 22
  • Bibliography 24
  • Bibliography 27
  • Bibliography 31
  • Bibliography 36
  • Bibliography 38
  • Bibliography 40
  • B 41
  • Bibliography 51
  • Bibliography 55
  • Bibliography 61
  • Bibliography 63
  • Bibliography 68
  • Bibliography 72
  • C 73
  • Bibliography 80
  • Bibliography 86
  • Bibliography 90
  • Bibliography 94
  • Bibliography 97
  • D 99
  • Bibliography 103
  • Bibliography 111
  • Bibliography 118
  • Bibliography 126
  • Bibliography 134
  • Bibliography 140
  • Bibliography 145
  • Bibliography 150
  • Bibliography 152
  • Bibliography 158
  • E 159
  • F 165
  • Bibliography 168
  • Bibliography 171
  • Bibliography 177
  • G 179
  • Bibliography 181
  • Bibliography 183
  • Bibliography 188
  • Bibliography 190
  • Bibliography 194
  • Bibliography 197
  • Bibliography 203
  • H 205
  • Bibliography 208
  • Bibliography 210
  • Bibliography 212
  • Bibliography 220
  • Bibliography 225
  • Bibliography 227
  • Bibliography 231
  • I 233
  • PERSONNEL 237
  • J 239
  • Bibliography 241
  • Bibliography 243
  • K 245
  • Bibliography 247
  • L 249
  • Bibliography 253
  • Bibliography 260
  • Bibliography 262
  • Bibliography 268
  • Bibliography 276
  • M 277
  • Bibliography 280
  • Bibliography 283
  • Bibliography 284
  • Bibliography 289
  • Bibliography 293
  • Bibliography 297
  • Bibliography 300
  • Bibliography 306
  • Bibliography 309
  • N 311
  • Bibliography 317
  • Bibliography 322
  • Bibliography 325
  • Bibliography 329
  • Bibliography 332
  • Bibliography 338
  • O 341
  • Bibliography 346
  • Bibliography 348
  • P 349
  • Bibliography 353
  • Bibliography 358
  • Bibliography 363
  • Bibliography 367
  • Bibliography 370
  • Bibliography 377
  • Bibliography 388
  • Q 391
  • R 393
  • Bibliography 396
  • Bibliography 399
  • Bibliography 402
  • Bibliography 404
  • S 405
  • Bibliography 407
  • Bibliography 411
  • Bibliography 413
  • Bibliography 416
  • Bibliography 424
  • Bibliography 428
  • Bibliography 432
  • T 433
  • Bibliography 442
  • U 443
  • Bibliography 447
  • V 449
  • Bibliography 453
  • W 455
  • Bibliography 460
  • Bibliography 463
  • Bibliography 470
  • Bibliography 472
  • Bibliography 478
  • Bibliography 482
  • Bibliography 485
  • Bibliography 488
  • Y 489
  • Bibliography 492
  • APPENDIX I CHRONOLOGY OF THEATRE COMPANIES 493
  • APPENDIX II THEATRE COMPANIES BY STATE 497
  • Index of Personal Names and Play Titles 501
  • About the Contributors 535
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