[COMPAÑÍA] VILLALONGÍN. The CompaÑÍa VillalongÍn ( San Antonio, Texas), also known as the Compañía Dramática Carlos Villalongín and the Compañía Lirico-Dramática Villalongín y Saldaña, was organized in 1904 by actor-manager Carlos Villalongín. The company arrived on or about May 8, 1911, in San Antonio, where Villalongín had contracted to perform at the Teatro Aurora for nine months. The theatre, a converted saloon, occupied the second floor of a building at 112 South Santa Rosa Avenue. The first performance on Monday, May 22, 1911, featured the first three acts of Chucho el roto, a drama in five acts and an epilogue by Antonio Fuentes of Puebla, Mexico.
About twenty-five Spanish-language acting companies are known to have performed in Texas between 1884 and 1935, but it is likely there were more. While they occasionally appeared elsewhere, we know they appeared regularly in El Paso, Laredo, and San Antonio. Prior to 1910, the touring company was the most common. Such troupes spent most of their time in Mexico, only occasionally visiting Texas. After the Mexican Revolution began in 1910, however, some touring groups took up more permanent residences in Laredo and San Antonio. The resident companies were few and rather short-lived but played a very important role. The first of the resident groups to leave a documented history was the Compañía Solórzano* established in Laredo by Sr. Francisco Solórzano. (The Compañía Solsona resided in San Antonio prior to 1900, but virtually nothing is known about it.) The Compañía Villalongín was founded in Jalisco, Mexico, in 1849 by Encarnación Hernández. Upon his death (c. 1888), his wife, Antonia Pineda de Hernández took over the management and in 1904 Carlos Villalongín, who married one of the Hernández daughters, took over the company. The Compañía Villalongín was based primarily in the state of Nuevo Leon, although it toured throughout northern Mexico and the southwestern United States for many years, producing plays then popular in Mexico City. In 1900 the troupe was invited to perform at the new San Antonio