Theory to Address National Problems: From Warren G. Harding to Bill Clinton
The defense of this nation depends upon the mastery of modern techniques developed from complex scientific principles.
--The National Defense Education Act, 1958
The naming of the Committee of Ten in 1892 coincided with the beginning of the second term of Grover Cleveland ( 1837-1908) as president of the United States. 1 The Industrial Revolution was at its height. The high school was steadily taking its modern structure. The evolution of the college of education was almost complete. Higher education was reaching a level of development that had not been reached in the past. Cleveland's dedication of the Statue of Liberty and Henry Ford's first car in the same year suggested the conclusion that the country was about to enter the twentieth century with great expectations. This is why the period from 1893 to 1920 provides a transition from the nineteenth century to the twentieth century. The educational process was getting established. John Dewey ( 1858-1952) was busy developing his theory of progressive education. Charles Eliot was preoccupied with the activities of the Committee of Ten. Politicians were struggling to introduce amendments in the U.S. Congress to allow women to vote. In 1902 Theodore Roosevelt ( 1858-1919) successfully mediated a mine workers strike. In 1904 he concluded a peace treaty between Russia and Japan.
These events set the stage for the country to enter a new phase of development. From that time dramatic and unprecedented events began to take place in the United States with the announcement in February 1928 by Herbert Hoover ( 1874-1964) that he was a Republican candidate for president of the United States. Hoover seemed a natural successor to President Calvin Coolidge ( 1872-1933), who was elected in 1924 to a full term on his own right after he had succeeded President Warren G. Harding ( 1865-1923)