International Handbook on Race and Race Relations

By Jay A. Sigler | Go to book overview

The first approach may make people feel temporarily better, because it not only provides an explanation for discomfort and disorientation but assures that what will work now is familiar. However, it rests on denial, it denies that there is something radically new to be faced and that something equally new may have to be invented. 30

The changes within Brazil's society, economy, and politics, and the Afro-Brazilians' increasing insistence on their right to pose questions about race relations that diverge from the views of the dominant society underscore the relevance of Hoffman's words in discussing Brazilian race relations.

The statistics presented in Tables 1-4 below provide evidence of the divergence of life-styles of different racial groups in Brazil. Race differences obviously account for some differences in opportunities. Those unfamiliar with Brazilian life need to be aware of the salience of race in Brazil, and should see that blackness is an important factor in the distribution of social goods and opportunities.


NOTES
1.
Nelson da Valle Silva, "Updating the Cost of Not Being White in Brazil," in Pierre-Michel Fontaine, ed., Race, Class, and Power in Brazil ( Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, 1985).
2.
See Greg Urban, "Developments in the Situation of Brazilian Tribal Populations from 1976 to 1982," Latin American Research Review 20 ( 1985): 7-25.
3.
Robert Edgar Conrad, Children of God's Fire: A Documentary of Black Slavery in Brazil ( Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983), p. 317.
4.
Clodomir Vianna Moog, Bandeirantes and Pioneers, L. L. Barrett, trans. ( New York: G. Braziller, 1964).
5.
Florestan Fernandes, The Negro in Brazilian Society ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1969).
6.
Carlos Hasenbalg, Race Relations in Modern Brazil ( Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1985), based on his doctoral dissertation of 1978, completed at the University of California at Berkeley.
7.
Thomas E. Skidmore, "Race and Class in Brazil: Historical Perspectives," in Pierre-Michel Fontaine, ed., Race, Class, and Power in Brazil ( Los Angeles: Center for Afro-American Studies, 1985).
8.
Octavio Ianni, "Research on Race Relations in Brazil," in Magnus Morner, ed., Race and Class in Latin America ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1969).
9.
Clovis Moura, Os Quilombos e a Rebálio Negra, 2d ed. ( Sao Paulo: Brasiliense, 1981).
10.
Sergio Buarque de Holand, Ráizes do Brasil, 10th ed. ( Rio de Janeiro: J. Olympio, 1976).
11.
Gilberto Freyre, The Masters and the Slaves ( New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965).
12.
Carlos Guilherme Mota, "A Democracia, Racial e Outros Mitos," Isto É ( January 10, 1977): 36-39.

-36-

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International Handbook on Race and Race Relations
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables ix
  • Preface xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Notes xviii
  • AUSTRALIA 1
  • Bibliography 20
  • BRAZIL 23
  • Notes 36
  • Notes 39
  • CANADA 43
  • Notes 59
  • Notes 63
  • FIJI Ralph Premdas 67
  • Notes 97
  • Notes 99
  • FRANCE 101
  • Bibliography 112
  • INDIA 117
  • Bibliography 126
  • JAPAN 129
  • Bibliography 152
  • MALAYSIA 155
  • Notes 163
  • Notes 164
  • NETHERLANDS 167
  • Notes 187
  • Notes 189
  • NEW ZEALAND 191
  • Notes 209
  • Notes 211
  • SINGAPORE 213
  • Notes 229
  • Notes 230
  • SOUTH AFRICA 233
  • Notes 258
  • Bibliography 261
  • SUDAN 263
  • Notes 278
  • Notes 279
  • SWITZERLAND 281
  • Notes 296
  • Notes 298
  • THAILAND Suchitra Punyaratabandhu-Bhakdi and Juree Vichit-Vadakdan 301
  • Notes 318
  • Notes 319
  • TRINIDAD 321
  • Notes 333
  • Notes 335
  • UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS 339
  • Notes 362
  • Notes 367
  • UNITED KINGDOM 369
  • Notes 390
  • Bibliography 393
  • UNITED STATES 395
  • Notes 416
  • Notes 420
  • WEST GERMANY 423
  • Notes 440
  • Notes 443
  • BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE 449
  • APPENDIX: RACIAL/ETHNIC DIVISIONS 455
  • Index 467
  • ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS 479
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