Sex and Pay in the Federal Government: Using Job Evaluation Systems to Implement Comparable Worth

By Doris M. Werwie | Go to book overview

4
The Statistical Data Used to Review the Factor Evaluation System

DATA SOURCES

The data used in this analysis of the 1973 developmental study ( Anderson and Corts) came from the Office of Personnel Management. These data were obtained in print-out form. They included factor scores for each of the five factor ratings and wholejob ratings for all 147 sampled benchmark position descriptions, in the form of arc sine transformed values. Data on the nine factor ratings were provided in the form of whole number ratings on each factor. I then converted these data to SAS (Statistical Analysis System) data sets. One data set contained the information on the five factors and the second contained the scores for the nine factors (see Anderson and Corts, 1973:20-26). To each of these data sets I added two additional pieces of information: the G.S. grade level for each benchmark position and the percentage of females in each job.

Since the focus of my research was the effect of this job evaluation system on female-dominated jobs I needed some indicator of the percentage of females within each of these jobs. An Office of Personnel Management Report titled "Federal Civilian Work Force Statistics, Occupations of Federal White Collar and Blue Collar Workers" provided this information for each occupation within the federal work force in 1981. 1 From this report I obtained the percentage of females for each of the 52 occupations included in the Anderson and Corts study. Their sample included occupa-

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