individually administered test consisting of ten components. After completing a one-day training session, classroom teachers are able to administer the test. The ten sections of this preschool screening test are designed to evaluate (1) visual discrimination of asymmetric figures, (2) immediate recall of asymmetric figures, (3) visual motor copying, (4) ordering rote sequences, (5) elements within the sequence, (6) discrimination between words that vary by one phoneme, (7) articulate specific sounds or words, (8) associate sounds with their visual symbols, (9) locate tactile stimuli to fingers, and (10) develop the oppositional relationship between finger and thumb (as in a pencil grip).
When used as an instrument to provide valuable information to teachers who administer school reading programs, Silver, et al. ( 1978) caution about the possibility of false-positives due to "the impact of the many factors contributing to beginning to read--the quality and intensity of instruction, family disorganization, motivation, and illness--all of which (the instrument) does not assess." (51)
In general, the precautions mentioned by Silver and colleagues can serve as guidelines for all educators when interpreting results of tests, especially when such results are intended for use as classification.
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