A State within a State: Industrial Relations in Israel, 1965-1987

By Ran Chermesh | Go to book overview

Notes to Chapter 4
1
This is a quotation from: Appellate case No. 32/3-4, Port of Ashdod Foremen's Committee of Shinua vs. Israel Ports Authority, Israel Labor Cases, Vol. 3, [ 1972], p. 225.
2
This department developed in time to the status of a Division of Trade Unions.
3
In the Israeli terminology, union sanctions are all actions initiated by workers or their union, which come close to complete cessation of work, but do not reach it. Slowdowns, work-to-rule actions, overtime bans, selective transfer of phone calls, are typical examples of such sanctions.
4
Comparable clauses specify the requirements set for other local unions, which are not under the authority of the local Workers' Councils. Their logic is identical. A local union must be supervised by a higher level union. No professional action is permitted unless approved by a higher echelon Histadrut forum.
5
The Trade Union Department was structured during the 1970s into two subdivisions, one under the direct control of the Head of the Trade Union Department, Mr. Y. Meshel, dealt with all blue collar and semiprofessional unions, the other called the Committee for Academic Affairs, headed by the vice-head of the department, dealt with the issues relevant for unions of academic professions.
6
The following agencies took part in this venture: the Central Bureau of Statistics and the Labor Registration Division in the Ministry of Labor and Welfare.
7
The upper level officials were interviewed only if their part in dispute administration was deemed primary by their lower level counterparts.
8
The Labor Party has undergone many divisions and unifications. Since the mid 1960s Mapai (The Workers Party of Eretz Israel), which was the leading socialist party, formed a quasi federationist structure with two smaller parties, and a confederation with the left wing socialist party, Mapam. This framework was called the Alignment (Ma'arach).
9
This figure is based on a sample of thirteen cases. Therefore, it must be taken cautiously. Still, it should not be taken as the total number of valid responses to this topic. If we add those responses in which there was no application to the workers' council, we reach a sample size of twenty-five. This is a figure of 41.7 percent of the total study sample.
10
Secretary General Becker, in a private interview, phrased this approach in somewhat different terms: "The wider the approving forum, the more responsible will the final decision be."
11
Fischer reports on difficulties in gaining information in cases where the degree of normative compliance was complete. She regards a case of perfect compliance as an event where there was no binding contract, a notification was delivered to the Labor Relations Officer, the His-

-82-

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