A State within a State: Industrial Relations in Israel, 1965-1987

By Ran Chermesh | Go to book overview

Notes to Chapter 5
1
Strike statistics have been traditionally collected by the Institute for Economic and Social Research, which is a division of the Histadrut. The Department of Industrial Relations in the Ministry of Labor and Welfare and the Central Bureau of statistics each took a part in this venture for a number of years.
2
Let MDI be the number of man days idle, F -- the number of strikes, and B -- The number of strikers. Then, MDI = F * B/F * MDI/B
3
Reshef and Bemmels report that economic determinants are more important than political determinants in the private sector, but that political and economic determinants are equally important in the Histadrut and public sector.
4
The 5,325 figure of the Kessar/Likud sub-period should be taken with caution. An average figure for a period as short as this (98 days) can easily be the outcome of the eruption of a few, unrepresentative, large strikes.
5
Union information is only available since the Ben-Aharon period.
6
Industrial relations in the ports are not the focus of this study. A deteriorating cost-benefit ratio for the union is commonly regarded as the explanation for the decrease in strike propensity in the ports. The port of Ashdod was the focus of turmoil in this industry. The high level of industrial strife at this site led importers and exporters to divert their merchandise to the port of Haifa. The resulting cut in overtime and effort premium payments to the workers in Ashdod made them reluctant to initiate further strikes or to support militant union leaders.
7
No union data are available for Becker's term.
8
We could keep a common scale for both periods and union types. The clear disadvantage is, however, that some observation will be presented in such a small size as to become indistinguishable.
9
Usable occupational data are only available since 1981. Therefore, this variable is more or less desired but not available for the present analysis. Data for 1965-72 were coded following an older version of the occupational classification and for major categories only. Adjusting the older data to the newer scheme has failed to generate usable information.
10
Since the author of this text was personally in charge of the collection of strike statistics between 1965 and 1969, he accepts most of the blame for these deficiencies. Still, there is a Jewish saying, "if I had been as smart as my wife is today, I would. . ."
11
An average for the entire period. No significant percentage differences between the various periods are apparent.
12
The Kessar/Likud period is the minimum time of strike frequency, but is unreliable for drawing conclusions. In the analysis below,

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