Cold War Patriot and Statesman, Richard M. Nixon

By Leon Friedman; William F. Levantrosser | Go to book overview

President Nixon, Mrs. Nixon and the American party expressed their appreciation for the gracious hospitality shown them by the Government and people of the People's Republic of China.


The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and not necessarily those of the Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress.

This perspective relies heavily on my book, China Watch: Toward Sino-American Reconciliation ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978), 155 p. The basic sources on U.S. policy during this time include, most notably, Henry Kissinger, The White House Years ( Boston: Little, Brown, 1979), 1529 p. Several prominent specialists have examined Chinese and U.S. motives from different perspectives. See, for example, Michel Oksenberg, "A Decade of Sino-American Relations," Foreign Affairs 61, no. 1 (Fall 1982); A. Doak Barnett, China and the Major Powers in East Asia ( Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 1977); Richard Solomon, "The China Factor in America's Foreign Relations," in Richard Solomon, ed., The China Factor ( Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1981).
As seen from the discussion below, Chinese leaders reacted very differently in this changed situation, setting the stage for one of the most serious power struggles in the history of the PRC. For background, see notably Thomas Gottlieb, Chinese Foreign Policy Factionalism and the Origins of the Strategic Triangle ( Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation, 1977).
There is debate among scholars as to just how concerned Chinese officials were about the Soviet threat. See, for instance, Richard Wich, Sino-Soviet Crisis Politics: A Study of Political Change and Communication ( Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1980); Harold Rinton, China's Turbulent Quest: An Analysis of China's Foreign Policy Since 1949 ( New York: Macmillan, 1972); the Gottlieb study cited in note 2; and the Barnett book cited in note 1.
See appendix for the text of the communique, taken from U.S. Department of State, Selected Documents No. 9, U.S. Policy Toward China July 14, 1971-January 15, 1979.
Among other places, this is discussed in my book, China Watch, pp. 63-82.
These senior military leaders, who wielded great power during the late 1960s, were not seen again for ten years, until they appeared along with Mao's wife and other members of the so-called gang of four in a series of trials designed to legitimize their continued detention.
In this context, it appears more understandable that the first person to greet Dr. Kissinger on his arrival in Beijing in July 1971, and the leader at his side and responsible for his safety throughout his first stay in China, was Zhou's most senior and important associate in the People's Liberation Army, Marshall Ye Jianying. Ye's exact role in the leadership struggle leading up to Lin's death remains to be fully disclosed. But the rise in his stature following Lin Biao's demise and his identification with Zhou during the period of intense struggle with Lin Biao are matters of record.
See, for instance, James Reardon-Anderson, Yenan and the Great Powers: The Origins of Chinese Communist Foreign Policy, 1944-1946 ( New York: Columbia University Press, 1980).


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Cold War Patriot and Statesman, Richard M. Nixon
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Recent Titles in Contributions in Political Science ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface ix
  • Part I - Foreign Policy Initiatives 1
  • Appendix 34
  • Notes 38
  • 7 Peace or Oil. The Nixon Administration and Its Middle East Policy Choices 119
  • References 135
  • Part II. The Foreign Policy Process 155
  • 9 The Making of the All-Volunteer Armed Force 171
  • 10 The Nixon Doctrine as History and Portent 187
  • Notes 209
  • 13 Nixon Versus the Congress: The War Powers Resolution, 1973 267
  • APPENDIX B 285
  • APPENDIX B 288
  • 14 The War Powers Resolution: An Intersection of Law and Politics 291
  • Notes 316
  • Index 357
  • About the Editors and Contributors 371


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