especially Senator Revercomb's, attitudes toward the DPs in 1947 and 1948.
On the other hand, Truman's own endeavors always reflected his desire to see
the DP problem identified and solved in a humane fashion. He dispatched Earl
Harrison to examine the assembly centers in 1945 and he agreed to the British
proposal for a joint commission of inquiry to see if more Jews could be admitted
to Palestine. On his own he ordered the immigration authorities to give priority
to DP applicants to the fullest extent allowed by law. He also encouraged subordinates to work for generous DP acts and he appointed three liberal commissioners to the Displaced Persons Commission. Thus, with the exception of
attempts to influence the leaders in Congress, and his reluctance to air publicly
and continually his support for DPs, Truman acted in an admirable and notable
manner. But--and this question is hard to answer--what if he had exerted himself
to the fullest? Would the first DP Act have been passed earlier or with more
generous provisions for the survivors of the Holocaust in Europe? I don't know.
Harry S. Truman to
Henry Morgenthau Jr., June 2, 1945, Official File, Box
552, Harry S. Truman Mss., Truman Library, Independence Mo.; Kenneth Ray Bain, The March to Zion (College Station, Tex., 1979), pp. 71-72.
Joseph C. Grew to
Harry S. Truman, June 21, 1945, Folder, "Early G. Harrison
Mission," War Refugee Mss., Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, N.Y.;
Harry S. Truman
, "Memoirs: Years of Trial and Hope" ( Garden City, N.Y., 1956), p. 137.
New York Times, September 30, 1945.
Harry S. Truman to
Dwight D. Eisenhower, August 31, 1945, in Public Papers
of the Presidents, 1945, pp. 355-57 (cited hereafter as PPP); Foreign Relations of U.S., 8 ( 1945), 737-38 (cited hereafter as FRUS).
Clement Attlee to
Harry S. Truman, September 16, 1945, Box 1, General Records
of the State Department, Office of Near Eastern Affairs, RG 59, National Archives, Washington, D.C.
FRUS, 8 ( 1945), 772, 775, 785-86, 788-90, 819-20; Truman, Memoirs, pp. 68-69.
Sidney Hertzberg, "This Month in History," Commentary 1 ( February, 1946), 48; Sheldon Morris Neuringer, "American Jewry and United States Immigration Policy,
1881-1953," Ph.D. diss. ( University of Wisconsin, 1969), p. 276; PPP, 1945, pp. 572-
British Public Record Office, Kew, England, FO 371 51606/AN45;
Harry S. Truman, January 30, 1946, "President's Secretary's File (PSF)", Box 184, Truman Mss.
Jewish Chronicle ( London), August 23, 1946; New York Times, August 18, 1946; Stars and Stripes (European edition), August 21, 1946.
The State of the Union Messages of the Presidents, 3 vols. ( New York, 1966), 3:2498.
"Analysis of Revercomb Report on DPs," appended to letter from
H. Graham Morison
John R. Steelman, February 25, 1947, OF 127, Box 552, Truman Mss.;
Irving M. Engel, August 21, 1978, New York City;
Edwin G. Nourse to