Rethinking the French Revolution: Marxism and the Revisionist Challenge

By George C. Comninel | Go to book overview

views were in the end based upon merely political conceptions of class and revolution. This radical-social ideology entered nineteenth-century politics through utopian socialism and Bunoarroti's resurrection of babouvisme, finding its way into both the Parisian and English workers' movements, and into Proudhon's philosophy. Not until Marx and Engels, however, were the limitations and contradictions of such merely radical social movements -- as extreme forms of petty bourgeois, socially-concerned radical-liberalism -- systematically revealed, through an analysis of the specific class character of bourgeois economic liberalism and property relations.

It was Marx who brought together the conclusion he arrived at through critical study of liberal philosophy, politics, and historythat bourgeois class revolution was not the key to human emancipation and social justice, only a victory for particular class interests -- with the lesson that Engels formulated through his early study of political economy and exposure to the English working class -- that capitalism created working-class misery, and that its development would lead to revolutionary struggle between the working class and the propertied capitalists and landlords. 20 From this intersection of the critique of liberal political ideology and the critique of political economy, Marx grasped the central historical materialist concept of the dynamic of class history, as early as 1844. He then continued to develop his historical materialist analysis of specifically capitalist class society, and the politics of working-class struggle, through the critique of political economy (though without entirely eliminating the contradictory liberal historical ideas that he incorporated alongside his own). Marx gave a wholly original social and political interpretation to class in society; but he did so specifically through his response to the social and political ideology of liberalism which dominated the European thought of his youth.


Notes
1.
Guy Chaussinand-Nogaret, La Noblesse au xviiie siècle. De la féodalité au lumieres, Paris 1976.
2.
Nannerl O. Keohane, Philosophy and the State in France, Princeton, NJ 1980.
3.
E. M. Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate?, London 1963, pp. 54-7, p. 177n.
4.
Shirley Gruner, "'Le concept de classe dans la révolution française: une mise à jour'", Histoire Sociale-Social History, ix (18) 1976, pp. 406-23.

-119-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Rethinking the French Revolution: Marxism and the Revisionist Challenge
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Foreword ix
  • Introduction 1
  • Notes 4
  • 1- The French Revolution As Bourgeois Revolution: Orthodoxy and Challenge 5
  • Notes 25
  • 2- The Marxist Response 28
  • Notes 51
  • 3- Bourgeois Revolution: A Liberal Concept 53
  • Notes 74
  • 4- In Defense of History: A Marxist Critique of Marxist Theory 77
  • Notes 102
  • 5- Liberal Ideology and the Politics Of the Revolution 104
  • Notes 119
  • 6- Marx's Early Thought 121
  • Notes 131
  • 7- Historical Materialism 133
  • Notes 176
  • Conclusion: Towards a Marxist Interpretation of the French Revolution 179
  • Notes 205
  • Select Bibliography 208
  • Index 219
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 226

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.