Japan, Ourselves, and the Rest of the World
In much of the Third World, the powerful have become wealthy by seizing land and its product, crushing the peasants down to subsistence living. This injustice lies behind the revolutions in El Salvador and Nicaragua. In South Africa, 87% of the land is occupied by 17% of the people, who enshrine their rights in Apartheid. Is there a remedy to injustice on the land? By violence? By nonviolence? Sooner by violence than by nonviolence? Or still otherwise? What has happened in history?
More generally, does economic development in the West and Japan have anything to tell the Third World? Some say, "Economic development is economic development, just as steel is steel. You make it the same way, no matter where." Others say, "Why should the Third World follow the West or Japan? Might it not develop in its own way?"
My position is in-between, but I like the steel analogy. Steel is not the same everywhere, but there are certain core ingredients: iron, other minerals, energy. You can mix them differently, use different kinds of energy; you can make different kinds of steel. So also the ways of economic development are many. But there are common ingredients. We must study history to know what is common and what is unique. We must study history to discover whether social justice leads to peace or peace to social justice, or whether