In 1979, a New Republic writer ( Chapman) decried what he saw as "the lost pacifism of American Quakers" and their "alliance with any number of explicitly violent movements (in third-world countries), making only the mildest demurrals about the means such movements employ."
This article and similar criticisms both within and without the Society of Friends led to the issuance of two important statements. The first, by Stephen Cary, Chairperson of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), stated:
But it is not enough to be against armed violence. We believe, together with the profound Quaker spiritual leader, Lucretia Mott, that the world cries out not only for peace but for the achievement of social justice.
The AFSC became more explicit in a statement approved by its Board of Directors on January 24, 1981, in which it declared:
Violence inevitably accompanies injustice, however, and the peace for which we strive will not reign while patterns of inequity and oppression continue. In each area of struggle there are indigenous people and groups who work for the same broad goals we seek, but few sustain a